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Midterm

midterm study notes

11 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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Sociology Midterm Study Notes
Chapter 1: Intro
Sociology: came from enlightened period 18th century France Europe
-ppl began to think rationally, Democratic Rev,Industrial Revmass production
price buying
SOCIAL SOLIDARITY: how group members share beliefs&values; intensity and frequency
of interaction
ORGANIC SOLIDARITY: weak solidarity, ppl arent restrained; more individualism
ASSOCIATE TIES: binds ppl together
Social structure: Relatively stable patterns of social relations that affect our thoughts,
feelings, actions, and identity 3 levels are:
i.Microstructures (patterns of intimate social relations formed during face-
to-face interaction) group dynamics
ii.Macrostructures (patterns of social relations outside and above ones circle
of intimates and acquaintances) economy, politics, education
iii.Global structures (social relations outside and above the national level) the
UN
SOCIAL IMAGINATION: quality of mind that enables person to see connection b/w
personal troubles and social structure
DURKHEIM: original sociologist in 19th century
www.notesolution.com
-demonstrated suicide rates influenced by social forces(powerful influence on
behaviour)
-suicide rates vary as result of social solidarity
-macro structure (social integration) cause suicide
-theory of FUNCTIONALISM = social balance (healthy society); equilibrium
-ppl needed more associations to increase solidarity, and decrease sucide
FUNCTIONALISM: behaviour governed by relatively stable social structure
maintain/undermines social stability, emphasizes SS based on shared values and
preferences suggests re-establishing equilibrium can best solve most social problems
SOCIAL INTEGRATION: ppl joined by common shared beliefs; sometimes you find
conformity kinship S.I.
-S.I. when u have it all,its negative ex. Michael Jackson, lottery winners
etc.
CONSTRAINED: ppl are held back look before you leap
DYSFUNCTIONAL CONSEQUNCES: effects of social structure that create social
instability
EGOISTIC & ANOMIC SUICIDE: found in modern organic societies where SS=, suicide
ALTRUISTIC SUICIDE: person loves group takes life b/c they betrayed the others
SS=, sucide is ; traditional society ex. Jap student
www.notesolution.com
WARRIOR ALTURISTIC SUICDE: integrated places/institutions ex. army soldiers
socialized w/intensity(boot camp) ex. kamakazees
RITUALISTIC SUCIDE: samuri warrior tradition hara-kiri to kill oneself if honor code is
broken
ANOMIC SUICIDE: rapid&deep seeded social change in modern society resulting in
normalness anamie(norm produces intended result) w/anamie norms dont work ex.
Native americans
MANIFEST FUNCTION: visible and intended effects of social structures
LATENT FUNCTINS: invisible and unintended effects of social structures
CONFLICT THEORY: generally focuses on large macrolevel structures and shows how
major patterns of inequality in social produce social stability in some circumstances &
social change in others
INEQUALITY = CLASS CONFLICT !!
CLASS CONFLICT: struggle b/w classes to resist and overcome opposition of others
PROTESTANT ETHIC: belief that religious doubts can be reduced if ppl work; unintended
effect of increasing savings and investment capitalistic growth
SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM: interaction in microlevel; to explain behavior must
understand subjective meanings ppl attach to social circumstances; dont just react to
circumstance
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Sociology Midterm Study Notes Chapter 1: Intro th Sociology: came from enlightened period 18 century France Europe -ppl began to think rationally, Democratic Rev,Industrial Revmass production price buying SOCIAL SOLIDARITY: how group members share beliefs&values; intensity and frequency of interaction ORGANIC SOLIDARITY: weak solidarity, ppl arent restrained; more individualism ASSOCIATE TIES: binds ppl together Social structure: Relatively stable patterns of social relations that affect our thoughts, feelings, actions, and identity 3 levels are: i. Microstructures (patterns of intimate social relations formed during face- to-face interaction) group dynamics ii. Macrostructures (patterns of social relations outside and above ones circle of intimates and acquaintances) economy, politics, education iii. Global structures (social relations outside and above the national level) the UN SOCIAL IMAGINATION: quality of mind that enables person to see connection bw personal troubles and social structure DURKHEIM: original sociologist in 19 century www.notesolution.com -demonstrated suicide rates influenced by social forces(powerful influence on behaviour) -suicide rates vary as result of social solidarity -macro structure (social integration) cause suicide -theory of FUNCTIONALISM = social balance (healthy society); equilibrium -ppl needed more associations to increase solidarity, and decrease sucide FUNCTIONALISM: behaviour governed by relatively stable social structure maintainundermines social stability, emphasizes SS based on shared values and preferences suggests re-establishing equilibrium can best solve most social problems SOCIAL INTEGRATION: ppl joined by common shared beliefs; sometimes you find conformity kinship S.I. -S.I. when u have it all,its negative ex. Michael Jackson, lottery winners etc. CONSTRAINED: ppl are held back look before you leap DYSFUNCTIONAL CONSEQUNCES: effects of social structure that create social instability EGOISTIC & ANOMIC SUICIDE: found in modern organic societies where SS=, suicide ALTRUISTIC SUICIDE: person loves group takes life bc they betrayed the others SS=, sucide is ; traditional society ex. Jap student www.notesolution.com
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