Building blocks organize social world for science approach for prob.
We use them all the time, and may not even be aware.
Labels are used to identify similar processes & things
Concepts & Sub-concepts:
Alienation : 1) powerlessness 2) meaninglessness 3) self-estrangement 4)
•Eg.: Pink Floyd’s songs, lyrics
1) education 2) occupation 3) income
Measurement: researchers use mental constructs or concepts (eg. Race, class, gender)
Variables: concepts that vary in time & space, some concepts have more than one value.
Eg. Height, wealth, affection
Cannot do research unless the concept varies in value.
Ex. Offspring & university attendingness depends on various incomes. Income is
a good example, so is education and occupation (from social class list above)
(VERY IMPORTANT) that variables that can be manipulated.
Operationalization: Establish rules for assigning values to variables (Procedure by which
researchers establish criteria for assigning values to variables)
Hypotheses: need 2 or more variables
Ex: 1) The Greater the degree of poverty, the greater the rate of common crime
2) Low prestige individuals are more likely to defer to high prestige
3) Males commit more violent crimes
Precisely so when the hypotheses is tested, it is either rejected or accepted
Hypotheses are based on creativity, intelligent guess work & knowledge in the field
Once a hypotheses is confirmed, it becomes an empirical generalization
1) The higher income of parents, the higher the educational achievement of offspring
2) The narrower the division of labour. The higher the level of work alienation.
Experiences shape the kind of research you do; work shapes mental well being
cause you spend so much time doing it - Profound impact.
3) Suicide rates are higher is urban locations than rural locations
Social solidarity, healthy ego needs to be socially integrated, needs social support
and if such support is not present, then we have anomy
In the city, social integration is weak compared rural, lacks social support. In a
rural area, social identity is secure; everyone know everyone. In the city, you are
unknown; anonymous. Social anomitity: when you walk down the street, no one
knows you, nor do they want to. /// urban environment; more isolated, detached,
alone. LOOK INTO, which one? Or both?