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ALL THE LECTURE YOU NEED FOR MIDTERMS!

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA02H3
Professor
Mc Kinon
Semester
Winter

Description
LEC01[Chapter 2] How Sociologists Do Research January 11, 2011 Science MethodApproach Science methodapproach restricted to answer all questions of life; cannot answer ultimate questions Ultimate questions: Are all ways of life equally futile, or is it possible to live a meaningful life? Applies to religion perhaps Is there an unmoved mover? philosophy What happens to us when we die? religion Why is there something instead of nothing? Do we have a soul and is that soul immortal? Science method relies on facts Every cause in the universe started with the big bang, but what caused the big bang? Natural sciences = super natural Science & Experience (slide6) Biggest problem for sociological research is the experience filters our perceptions Experience helps us determine how we perceive reality & influences: What patterns we see Whether we even see the patterns Filtering Stages in Research (slide7) Experience filters our perception, helps us determine how we see and dont see in the world 4 stages to filtering (in sociological research) 1. Researchers values help them decide which problems are worth investigating. Filtering is bias, very hard to keep bias out of research. 2. Values lead researchers to formulate & adopt favored theories for interpreting & explaining those problems (functionalism) 3. Researchers interpretations are influenced by previous research 4. Methods used to gather mould the researchers perception. Types of research methods, survey (common), observation Scientific vs. Unscientific Thinking Even in natural science, its hard to eliminate biases. www.notesolution.com In everyday life, our biases easily influence our observations. Sociologists have tried to develop ways of collecting, observing and thinking about evidence that minimizes biased conclusions but have only marginal success in doing so. Descriptive data: not trying to show, not trying to explain how A causes B, but just trying to present B as it exists. Descriptive trend: from 1952 to 2002 the divorce rate rose from 15% of all marriages to 50% of all marriages Descriptive static: the infant mortality rate in Canada in 2001 the population in Scarborough in 2009 Explanatory studies: The children of upper income parents are more likely to attend university. urbanites are more likely to commit suicide than ruralities Gov funding for healthcare causes infant mortality rates to decline Does the death penalty cause murder rates to decline? Does the economic influence rates of common crime? Since 1946; right after World War II, population is aging = proportion of seniors (65yrs old +) are rising. Most modern societies have aging societies, but not necessarily developing. People start having fewer children, not having children like how we use to, families were bigger back then. There are more seniors (65+) because people are healthier & therefore live longer. Baby Boom after war. Knowledge of trends tells you ahead of time, to build schools etc, for the baby boom bulge. Now the boomers are hitting old age, within 5 years, boomers will start retiring. (PS. CAREER BACKUP PLAN: WORK AT SENIOR HOMES, OR SENIOR CAREGIVERRRR) Canadian pension plan will suffer and will not be able to support the load, going to go broke if nothing changes. Develop rational policies before the problem. Proportion of young people is declining and proportions of seniors are on the rise; withdrawing is increasing, but less input (AKA. START SIGNING UP FOR DEM RESPs!) Tools used by researchers (from specific to generalmicro to macro tool) www.notesolution.com
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