African Genocides: Part Two00:05
1750’s cloth production
none of the families was exclusively reliant upon making this cloth for their
Merchants started to get annoyed at the limitations, not working to the speed that
They figured a better way would be to locate their machinery
They wanted to build in northern cities, wanted workers to come to them.
Merchants had issues attracting sufficient people to the cities to do their work. The
industrial factory system should have stopped there as they were not willing to set
themselves up in this way
Other factors pushed things along.
The enclosures act: the enclosures ACTS there are many, not just one 1830’s, passed
through governments, each gives permission to the farmer to enclose his farm. Not a
single one was ever declined. This was because the farmers were proposing to
change the way farming was actually done. Produce more food and wool. They
planned to clear more land and be more productive.
Why did they appeal to enclouse? Much of the land was subject to numerous types of
rights. Gleaning the fields after harvesting, use water from rivers, shoot ducks in
the marsh etc. when the farmer asked for enclosure he was asking for the rights of
the common people to stop . It was a legal change, stating that the land was now
exclusively his own.1. The consequence was that those that managed to make a
living based upon access to the farmers land, they now lost that right and income
and food. 2. Sheep production, over food production, you need fewer hands to help, so
what happens is the farmer no longer needs as many workers.
12-16 hours a day, for little pay, people usually avoided doing it.
Despite the enclousures act the government is still not attracting enough to the
They develop the poor and vagrancy laws. You were forced to go to a “work house”
which is essentially a factory. Huge numbers of rural british people were stuck. If
they did not have a job they were forced into work houses, which did not even pay.
Finally there is a situation in which majority is working in the factories.
What we want to do is dispel the mythology of bringing Civilization to colonial
settings, it was purely business.
Divide and rule
An attempt to divide existing groups in order to have them work for you. Bribery,
trickery, etc etc
Can be used as a military strategy
One of the way’s they did this was taxation.
You can tax in three ways: money, labour, and product.