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Lecture and Explanation

2 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Jan 17 2011
What is nationalism?
The ideology of nations, which is a group that wants to have its own state
Nationalism is invented through nations
What is a nation?
A group of people who share a common fate, history, culture, and language, and
should be congruent
Nationalism only exists in modern conditions, as never before in human history did
people insist their leaders be from the same culture and leaders did not share their
culture to their people, e.g Catherine the Great spoke english but reigned over Russia
Nationalism and Modernization
As nations began to develop, states began to impose education and learning
language in order for the elites to communicate with the populations
So nations are the projects of the elite, and sometimes competing projects, because
one is unsure which culture will take over the majority of the population, e.g Canada,
the majority speaks english and the competing culture is French
If your culture is not adopted as the high and universal culture, you face a systematic
disadvantage
In industrial societies states are the organizations that service the country with a
common culture: education, as opposed to previous times it served no interest to learn
a common language, e.g most french people who lived in France did not speak french
until is was forced upon them
Ethnic Vs Civic Nationalism
How do people in a nation belong, through ethnic background( blood, language) or
through civic ( political allegiance) e.g Canada is a competition between these two
principles---> Liberalism Vs. Communitarianism (individual Vs group rights)
-Communitarianism want more rights, because e.g the holidays in Canada despite
being a multicultural society follow a Western Christian system, but Christmas holidays
are instead called Winter break
Multiculturalism
What is the impact of ethnic mixing? Does diversity work against solidarity?
The contact hypothesis- different groups coming in contact with one another which
removes preconceived notions about that group because of an alternative experience
Does diversity work against the welfare state?(welfare state does not want to support
other individuals)
Other Countries
The rest of the world outside of the west is organized along the lines of the
development of the West at a particular point in time
The West imposed its pattern of rules on the developing world without allowing the
developing world to go through the same process as the West, and those same
processes allowed the West to become the West
US should be called UN
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Jan 17 2011 What is nationalism? The ideology of nations, which is a group that wants to have its own state Nationalism is invented through nations What is a nation? A group of people who share a common fate, history, culture, and language, and should be congruent Nationalism only exists in modern conditions, as never before in human history did people insist their leaders be from the same culture and leaders did not share their culture to their people, e.g Catherine the Great spoke english but reigned over Russia Nationalism and Modernization As nations began to develop, states began to impose education and learning language in order for the elites to communicate with the populations So nations are the projects of the elite, and sometimes competing projects, because one is unsure which culture will take over the majority of the population, e.g Canada, the majority speaks english and the competing culture is French If your culture is not adopted as the high and universal culture, you face a systematic disadvantage In industrial societies states are the organizations that service the country with a common culture: education, as opposed to previous times it served no interest to learn a common language, e.g most french people who lived in France did not speak french until
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