Anticonvulsive drugs have been proven ineffective in controlling seizures. New technique: removing parts of medial temporal lobes, including hippocampus. The idea was to stop seizure which originated in temporal lobes. Surgery was successful, but patient lost ability to form new long-term memories. Memory- capacity to acquire + retain useable skills +knowledge. Memory is a story that alters through tellings and retellings. What you pay attention to becomes your short-term memory, and any unrehearsed info is lost. Short-term memory encodes to long-term memory, which may be lost over time. People believe multiple memory systems that don"t follow 3-stage sequence. Modal memory model: 3-stage sys. that involves sensory memory, short and long term memory. Sensory memory- temporary sensory buffer, info stored briefly like a smell or an image. Visual sensory memory is called iconic memory and auditory sensory memory is called echoic. Experiment: rows of letters flashed then followed by delay periods.