PSYCH NOTES CH. 6 CONT'D.doc

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Semester
Winter

Description
Ch 6 Learning contd from pg 256Positive Reinforcement versus Negative ReinforcementSkinner says that there are 2 types of reinforcement Positive reinforcement occurs when a response is strengthened bc it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus Negative reinforcement occurs when a response is strengthened bc it is followed by the removal of an aversion unpleasant stimulusNegative Reinforcement and Avoidance BehaviourEscape LearningRoots of avoidance lie in escape learning Escape learning where an organism acquires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation Ex leaving a party where you were getting picked on by your peers turning on the AC to get rid of heatAvoidance LearningDef where an organism acquires a response that prevents some aversive stimulation from occurringEx avoiding parties bc you were concerned about being picked onIna fear response is acquired through classical conditioning and an avoidance response is maintained by operant conditioning Explains why phobias are so hard to get rid of avoidant responses earn negative reinforcement each time theyre made thus strengthening the avoidant behaviourthe avoidant responses prevent any opportunity to extinguish the phobic response bc youre never exposed to the conditioned stimulus the source of fear ie Small spaces for ppl w claustrophobiaPunishment Consequences That Weaken ResponsesDef occurs when an event following a response weakens the t
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