psy 240 all lectures.doc

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Stephanie Cassin

PSY240 Sexual Disorders and Dysfunctions15042011 230300Lecture 7 Sexual DisordersDysfunction Chapter 16Changing views of sexual behaviour Change over time permissive vs restrictiveconservative In different cultures different genders have a dominant role in sex Views toward sexual preferences vary across cultures Homosexuality was previously considered an abnormal behaviourCan differ across different countriescultures or even regionssocieties across a country Toronto vs Calgary Diversity of sexual practices in human societies eg swinging bigamy strip clubsGay lesbian and bisexual orientationsHomosexual behaviour Defined as sexual behaviour with members of ones own sex Is NOT a DSM diagnosis On a continuumno discrete patternsHomosexual orientation Individuals who prefer to engage in sexual activity with members of their own sex over an extended period of time Used to be considered a diagnosis in DSMIII but not now in DSMIV obviously Freud thought it was caused by early arrest in the psychosexual stagesHomosexual Experiences86 women 101 men Total reporting some samesex desires or experiences 75 women 77 men Felt desire for sex with person of same sex35 women 53 men Had sex with person of same sex at least once since puberty14 women 28men Selfidentified as homosexual or bisexual Women Men DescriptionGay Lesbian and Bisexual OrientationsBisexual behaviour Preferred partners are sometimes the same sex sometimes the opposite sex Again NOT a DSM diagnosisIdentifying oneself as gay lesbian or bisexual is associated with stigmasAssociated with potentially serious psychological problems depression anxiety etcHigh suicide rate highest among bisexuals maybe because they dont have a specific group to identify with they dont quite fit in with either hetero or homosexualsThere are many theories on how to classify sexual orientations One way is to look at brain functionstructuresome homosexual men have parts of their brains that are more similar to women than heterosexual men Also an environmental influence For most people who arent heterosexual the point at which they realize it takes place relatively early in lifeDSM disorders Sexual disorders Gender identity disorderpsychological dissatisfaction with ones biologicalsex Paraphiliassexual arousal occurs primarily in response to inappropriate objects or individualsnonhuman or children or nonconsenting adults Sexual dysfunctions Disturbance in the process that characterizes the sexual response cycle or by pain associated with sexual intercourseNormal Sexual Function Many problems regarding what is normal sexual behaviour Research has led to a better understanding of sexual practices and physiology in males and femalesMasters and Johnsonexamined sexual physiology in the laboratory scientific study of sexual phenomena Overall they found that people go through the same 5 phases in sex Peoples sexual cycle for sexual intercourse and masturbation were very similar Physiological response had no correlation between physical anatomy and responseKinsey was the first who looked at viewspreferences in sex Surveys about sexual practices vary depending on methodagesculturespolitical orientationregion really any demographic orientation probably quite related to views of sex in societySexPorn AddictionAccording to a large survey 15 of population visit sexually oriented websites with some regularity Males prefer visual erotica women prefer chat rooms women like having some type of relationship with men 92 spend11 hoursweek The 8 who spend11 hours per week reported more psychological distress and interference with other activities they spend their time looking at these websites instead of engaging in relationships for example or some compulsive quality is attached to it 61 of people admitted to lying about their age in the chat rooms 75 of people admitted to lying about the amount of time spent on these types of sites so the survey results are invalidAccording to another survey80 of males looked at porn recently and 20 look at it daily 20 masturbate every day and 33 at least 3 times a weekSexual Response Cycle Stages
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