Sociology of Everyday Life Final lecture.docx

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Vanina Leschziner

Sociology of Everyday Life Test will have the same format Cumulative Never Saw It Coming - Cognitive sociology - Same as S - Both are colleagues in the same department - S wrote a book on national anthems and flags - Wrote a book on how violence is reported in the media, cognitive patterns - The way we categorize things and interpret them - Uses all types of data to look at all types of data, she was struck by the view that the Americans always focused on the positive rather than then negative - One of the questions that people have is that they didn’t see these things coming? - Such as hurricane Katrina, 9/11, natural disasters, personal things like losing a loved one - This led to her study of what are the factors that cause people to have a blind spot - In all walks of life, people have problems conceiving the worst - She asked her students to think of the best thing that could happen to them, they were able to answer this question very easily - Detail answer - The she asked what’s the worst thing that could happen, students were not as detailed - One could say that this is a psychological or emotional thing - The worst is a blind spot - There are certain things in our environment that reinforce this blind spot - Looks are practices that sustain the perceptual gap - Systematically hidden - We remember the positive more that the negative, Oscars for example - Certain kinds of practices that end up eliminating all the worst events, take away from our perceptual frame - Like many others that study cognition - Sustained by two things Cultural and Universal - Emphasized in our social cultural environments... - Cognition  The brain has a tendency to create categories  Bunch of things that may have similar characteristics, chairs for examples  But they all share a basic common purpose so they can all be grouped together  The standard chair is a prototype, it is a within a category the kind of object that has the ideal typical features  Dog, first thing that comes to mind is Golden Retriever  How do we discern whether something is a dog or not….the closest it is to our prototype the more assured that we are  Unconscious thinking, categories allow us to think and operate in the world  We’ll know how to act towards certain thing: 1. Category or concept, allows us to measure and asses new info 2. Enables interpretation 3. Involves generalized predication  Prototypes allows us to begin to understand the positive asymmetry  The brain works by creating categories or prototypes  Bettered stored in our brains rather than being fuzzy  The critical features have to be there so that the thing can be a part of the group  Family Resemblance  Prototypes will differ from one culture to another  Components of Categories: 1. Critical Features 2. Similarities Rules 3. Distinctions rules Why have we grouped dogs, cats, chairs, and tables? The all have critical features  Brain doesn’t distinguish same and different  It also identifies graded membership, looking at concepts that are closer to the prototype  Brain calculations  Most typical categories, then the brain works outwards  This establishes the asymmetry of the brain, which is fundamental, we overemphasize the details of the examples  Then ones that are less like the prototype the brain distances this from active consolation in the brain Positive Asymmetry - Awards for the Best rather than the worst or negative, this will leads us to put more emphasis on the positive - Draws on Burger and Littman, stock of knowledge, ideas in our environment that are common - The natural asymmetry of the brain are used - Stock of knowledge. Media, Institutions, things that shed light on the positive rather than the negative - Draws on the sociology of Bourdieu - Has a complex sociological theory - We grow up in a particular social environment and we are socialized with certain things helping us to perceive and act within the work - Given our place in the soci
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