All Lectures For Entire Course [every lecture] Full Lectures and Comprehensive Notes for the ENTIRE COURSE in a very organized fashion. With this Study Guide, you do not need to go to class! *Key items and terms are bolded and organized accordingly.

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Department
Visual Arts Studio
Course
Visual Arts Studio 1020
Professor
Kim Luton
Semester
Fall

Description
Sociology Notes Lecture 001 Sociology Sociology systematic study of social behavior in human societies. Auguste Compte - Emerging of sociology - A new way of seeing the world - Industrialization - Positivism o Analyze the social world through empirical means Theories - Act as a lens - Theoretical paradigms - Gives us a different perspective on the world - Some Theoretical Paradigms o Structural Functionalism o Conflict Theory o Functionalism o Feminism Structural Functionalism - Macro Level - Broad view on society - Structures o stable patterns of social behavior - Institutions o Subsystems of enduring patterns - Normal state = equilibrium o Change in on structure changes others o Change is disruptive - Consensus about societal values - Every activity has a consequence or function o Manifest Functions Open stated, conscious functions o Latent Functions Unconscious functions / may reflect hidden purposes - There are good and bad functions o Eufunction Positive benefit for society maintain equilibrium o Dysfunction Element or process that is disruptive and will destabilize - Society will fix itself if problems occur restabilize - Critique o Too broad o Focuses on stability at expense of conflict Emile Durkheim - Society = social system - There are needs o Social structures/institutions fill those - Anomie = normlessness o Lack of norms/regulation - Change : mechanical solidarity - > organic solidarity o Mechanical Solidarity people feel connected to each other through similar work/lifestyles think of machine -> mechanical solidarity pre-industrial society simple division of labor. o Organic Solidarity Connectedness comes from interdependence, specialization, and complementation Modern society Think organ -> complicated -> organic solidarity - Investigation of suicide - Looked outward towards society to explain suicides o Egoistic suicides Occur because of lack of social ties Example: men, because they are more independent than women & protestants more likely to suicide because less integrated into the religious community o Altruistic suicide Excessively strong social ties. Example: suicide bombers o Anomic suicide Insufficient regulations, too lax May arise because of rapid social change Feelings of unpredictability and without limits o Fatalistic suicide Too many regulations, too few options Feel trapped Conflict Theory - Macro oriented paradigm - Society = arena of inequality o Generates conflict and social change - Society structured to benefit a few at expense of majority - Dominant group vs. minority group relations o Incompatible interests - Alienation o Capitalism alienates workers in 4 ways From the act of working From the products of work From other workers From human potential Karl Marx - Modes of production o Social processes and social change is based on economic processes o Economic system shapes all other components of society - Ownership of means of production is the basis for other forms of inequality. - Class o comes from who owns what means of production o class conflict antagonism between entire classes of distribution of wealth/power o Class consciousness Recognition of works of unity Workers band together under common oppression - Power o Holds society together o Conflict is natural state o Bourgeoisie (owners) dominate o Proletariat (workers) Own labour power o Revolution is means of change o Eliminate inequalities Eliminate private ownership. - Social institutions o Major spheres of social life o Reflective of dominant class - False consciousness o Explanations of social problems grounded in individuals shortcomings (not societys) - Basically form follows function Symbolic Interactionism - Micro level - social interactions in specific situations - society = product of everyday interactions. o Social construction of reality - Interested in process - Society =shared reality - Symbol o Something that meaningfully represents something else Interaction is symbolic o Differ from culture to culture o Reading cues appropriate behavior - Response to situations is based on their own definition of whats happening - What we define as real, is real in its consequences - Society is shared reality as people interact - Society is complex, ever changing subjective meanings - Learning theory o Individuals learn in a variety of ways - Rational Choice Theory o Microeconomics can explain choices of any issue. Not just money. - Some criticisms o Ignores Larger social structures Effects of culture Factors such as class, gender & race - Max Weber founder o Ppl should learn to empathize o Understand ppl understand setting o Verstehen = understand - George Herbert Mead o Build personalities from interactions o Blank slate - Erving Goffman Canadian o Life is a stage o We play roles
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