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Midterm

HUMA 1105 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Thyestes, Ismene, Sigmund Freud


Department
Humanities
Course Code
HUMA 1105
Professor
Loredana Kun
Study Guide
Midterm

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HUMA 1105 TEST 1
Terminology:
Types of Myth:
- Boustrophedon: wrote right to left > Semitic
*myths are anonymous
Divine myths: supernatural beings are the main characters, gods/goddesses (ex. Heracles)
Heroic myths: geat heo’s
Legends: stories of heo’s/past eets
Folktales: imagination, aspirations of people
Fables: use animal behaviours that resemble humans, deliver a moral
Jokes: stories with a punch line and provoke laughter
The Trojan War:
- 12th century BC
- War between Greeks and Trojans
- Began because of capture of Helen
- Greeks won
Origins and Timeline of Greek Drama:
- Authors of tragedies of High Classical Period
o 480-323 B.C
Staging of an ancient Greek play:
- Usually under Acropolis in Athens
Parts of a Greek Theater:
- Ohesta: daig spae (R > L, L > R talented dancers) in the middle
- Theato: ieig plae (audience) seating
- “kee: tet, usuall deoated as a palace or temple behind the stage, behind orchestra
- Paados: passageas
Structure of the Plays:
- Prologos: opening of the play
- Parados: entrance of the chorus (when 12-15 people come on stage) sides of the theatre
- Epeisodio: see he haates ad hous talk hous sees hat haate does’t
- Stasimon: choral ode that the chorus sings while dancing
- Exodos: departure of the chorus at the conclusion
Types of Greek Drama:
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- Tragedy: serious plays based on Greek myth; (tragos = goat + oidos = song; goat song/goatode)
33 SURVIVED
- Comedy: funny plays not based on Greek myth, 11 PLAYS SURVIVED
- Satyr Plays: funny plays based on Greek myth, 1 COMPLETE SATYR SURVIVED
Authors of Ancient Tragic Playwrights:
- Euripedes: (c. 484-406 B.C) 92 plays, 19 survived
o A tragedian born in 480 B.C during battle of Salamis (battle of Persians)
o Wrote Medea
o Challenged popular ideas/social norms
Ex. Medea being a leader was un heard of (women were not considered to be in
powerful positions at this time)
Ex. allowed audience to be sympathetic to the female AND non-Greek subject
(Medea considered a barbarian)
o Was dedicated to his own craft, voluntarily left civilization to live in a cave to write his
plays
o Displayed characters as very highly developed in their own worlds
- Aeschylus: (c. 525-456 B.C) 80 plays, 7 survived
o Born in circa 525 in Eleusis near Athens
o Died in 456 B.C in sicily
- Sophocles: (c. 496-406 B.C) 120 plays, 7 survived
o Born in Colonus
Terms:
Agon: conflict
Phillia: love, brotherly love
Moira: oe’s fate o desti
Nomos: Describes man-made laws, order, civilization, control, stability (male traits)
Physis: Natural laws, instinct, chaos, irrationality & destruction (females)
Diké: Justice or vengeance
Timé: public honour and lasting glory
Agon: conflict
Polis: Term originated during Archaic period, means city-state
- Centered around Acropolis
Oikos:
- Family, fail’s, house, home
Hubris: excessive pride
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