Textbook Notes (363,556)
Canada (158,423)
POLI 243 (69)
Chapter 5

Political Science Chapter 5 Summary.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
Political Science
POLI 243
Mark Brawley

Chapter 5: Theories based on Idiosyncratic Characteristics of Individuals - Individual level for analysis builds causal theories by exploring decision-makers’ idiosyncratic features. Focusing on what ideas or policies individuals will put forth, practitioners of individual level focus on attributes to specific individual - Idiosyncratic features—individual personalities, beliefs, psychological make-up, experiences— may influence decision more than their roles Perception and Misperception - Different people look at same even and perceive it differently - Stimulus perception/ interpretation decision - Thinking questions utility of assumption about rational calculations and assumes individuals have predilections for certain kinds of responses Belief Systems - Decision makers often hold sets of beliefs (grounded in ideology/ personal experience) which force them to interpret or perceive other countries’ actions in particular ways - George developed value- complexity to describe situations where policies may entail trade-offs in values the decision-maker would rather not face - For ex: instead of making tough decision, decision maker can discount info they don’t want to deal w/, ignore info, forget bits of confusing info etc. - To alter the perception of reality in such a way as to negate a difficult decision is our tendency - Beliefs will skew your arguments and actions always in one direction; if you believe someone is evil, they’ll always be evil even if they’re nice you’ll think they have some ulterior motive Responding to Uncertainty - When uncertain we can: procrastinate (decide best thing to do is wait for more information), defensive procrastination (refuse to deal w/ problem in hopes problem will resolve itself) - Bolstering: when decision makers stop engaging in broad search for info and instead of exploring full range of policy option, they intensify quest for info that support choice they already made— using confirmation instead of refutation - Bolstering b/c effort is to support
More Less

Related notes for POLI 243

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.