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Andrew Moravcsik, Taking Preferences Seriously - A Liberal Theory of International Relations.docx

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Political Science
POLI 243
Mark Brawley

Andrew Moravcsik Taking Preferences Seriously A Liberal Theory of International Relations FIRST HALF International Organization 51 4 1997 Thesis This article codifies this basic liberal insight in the form of three theoretical assumptions and demonstrates that the existence of a coherent liberal theory has significant theoretical methodological and empirical implications Liberal theories lack a paradigmatic status because they dont include functional regime theory This allows critics to call it a normative theory unlike the positive realism that deals with human nature as it actually is Liberals responded to this accusation by collecting views held by classical liberalists or by defining the liberal theory teleologically Many argued that Liberalism cannot be considered a real theory because of thisCore Assumptions of the Liberal Theory What states want is the primary determinant of what they do P5211 The Primacy of Societal ActorsLiberalism generalizes the demands of individuals and the social conditions under which they act Societal demands are taken into account before political decisions are made sort of as a goal 2 Representation and State PreferencesThe state is not the main actor in liberalism it is just a representative institution that must conform to the preferences of individuals interests and groups some more than others as tradeoffs are necessary 3 Interdependence and the Intl SystemThe state must always be working with a purpose and their purpose is defined within international boundaries and policies therefore allowing for changes in goal so long as within the constraints of interdependenceBased on this assumption you get the three types of liberalism Three types of liberalism Ideational Impact of collective social values or identities on state behaviour Liberalism doesnt pinpoint the origin of individual preferences it just assumes that social indentity is affected by the following public goods
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