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Canada (161,878)
POLI 341 (39)
Chapter

Gwenn Okruhlik - Saudi Arabain - Irananian relations : External raprochement and Internal consolidation

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 341
Professor
Imad Mansour
Semester
Winter

Description
Gwenn Okruhlik Saudi ArabianIranian relations External rapprochement and internal consolidationINTROy Why did Saudi Arabia risk rapprochement with an old enemy at a time of uncertainty at home y Symbolic context of relationship claim leadership of the Sunni and Shia portions of the Islamic community y Material Gulf region has majority of worlds proven resources of crude oil TWO TO TANGO y Some analyses say rapprochement began with the election of reformist Khatami in 1997 in Iran y But this is problematic because thawing started in 1991 and because it ignores that Saudi Arabia also sought rapprochement y Both Abdullah and Khatami have decided that they could benefit from moderating relations y Abdullah more closely attuned to domestic voices less tied with the US has untarnished Islamic credentials TENSIONS OVER TIME Under the Shah 1950s70s y Saudi Arabia might have implicitly recognized that the policies of shah guaranteed its stability from external threats y But it was sceptical of the shah The Iranian Islamic Revolution 1979 y Khomeini was a threat to kingdom because of his claims to divine right to rule y Contest over Islamic legitimacy as both sides claimed leadership role y 1979 takeover of th
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