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POLI 422 (21)
Juan Wang (19)

POLI 422 - Blecher: Recovery and Consolidation

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Political Science
POLI 422
Juan Wang

194952 Recovery and ConsolidationCrises faced by the CCP following the Chinese Civil War were similar to those faced by the Bolsheviks in 1917 However the response of the CCP was significantly different Where Bolsheviks had attempted War Communism a radical leap towards full communism the CCP moved more cautiously and moderately continuing the strategy of broad class coalitions and limiting class struggle Land ReformPerhaps the most sweeping and successful land reform in history Finished off the dying landlord class without precipitating a production crisis Also managed to largely avoid a bloodbath This was done by applying the massline technique local activists would be recruited they would have confidential conversations with villagers to build a network of support then one day there would be a villagewide meeting in which the landlords were directly confronted This direct confrontation also broke the psychological barrier that peasants had against their previous masters The economic results of the land reform was near but not complete egalitarianism along with an increase in production However the latter may also have been a result of the end of conflict and war and the natural boom that results from such circumstances Yet certainly CCP efforts to reassure peasantry in particular the middle and rich peasants that their holdings would be protected helped to ensure that the most productive classes were supportedMaoist theory revolutionary action can dialectically change reality and also the people who are changing it Although some landlords perished the CCP prohibited killings Landlords were actually allowed to retain small plots of land sufficient to support themselves and their families Land reform also promoted the development of new political leadership and institutions at the grass roots as local activists were recruited into governments Local politics was reinvigorated by the villagewide meetings which continued as a tradition Also gave many urban activists their first exposure to conditions in the countryside represented the first Maoist attempt to bridge the gap between rural and urban life and consciousness However the inequalities that were permitted to persist rich peasants etc set the stage for new dynamics of exploitation as well as the basis for future political conflicts This dialectically spurred the party to promote mutual aid and collectivization
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