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Chapter 3

PSYC 215 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Construals, Hypothesis, Social Comparison Theory


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 215
Professor
Mark Baldwin
Chapter
3

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Social Psychology Chapter 3 The Social Self
Introspection
Self knowledge: self insight, non conscious process
Contrary to the assumption that we know ourselves the best, found that close
others are as accurate as our own in anticipating our actual behaviour
o Ratings made by self and others are independent predictors of the self
behaviour
o Predict external and internal self
Self schema: cognitive structure derived from past experience that represent a person's
beliefs and feelings about the self in general and in specific situations
Hypothesize: self schema in a certain domain should process information in that
domain more quickly, retrieve information consistent more rapidly and reject
contradictions more readily
Sense of self (from social situations)
Family: socialization agent provide opportunities fro certain behaviours
Looking glass self: other people's reactions to us serve as a mirror
Reflected self appraisals: our beliefs of other's reaction to us, internalize it
o Self view affect how others see us
o Study if reflected self appraisals influence self view
Look at brain activity of teens and adults
Teens brain more activity for self perception, relied on appraisals
from others
Situationism: social self changes in different contexts
Working self concept: subset of self knowledge brought to mind at particular
context
Dictinctiveness hypothesis: we highlight what makes us unique in a given social
situation
Malleability and stability: shift from one situation to the next but also some
aspects persist across contexts
o 1. although content of working self concept varies across situations, there
are nevertheless core aspects of self knowledge that are likely to be on the
top of the mind whenever a person thinks about the self
o 2. a person's overall pool of self knowledge remains relatively stable over
time, providing a sense of self continuity even as different pieces of self
knowledge come to the fore in different contexts
o 3. although a person's sense of self may shift depending on the context, it
is likely that these shifts conform to a predictable stable pattern
Culture
Independent self construal: inward focus on self, would tell stories from first
person point of view, inside out - describe self with personality traits
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