Textbook Notes (368,652)
Canada (162,033)
BUS 381 (65)
Chapter 16

Chapter 16: Labour Relations

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Business Administration
BUS 381
Rick Iverson

Chapter 16 Labour RelationsThe NegotiatorBuzz HargroveIntroduction to Labour RelationsLabour unionofficial association of employees practicing a similar trade or working in the same companyindustry joined together to present a united front and collective voice in dealing with managementoPurpose influence HR policiespractices affecting members such as pay and benefits achieve greater control over jobs job security and working conditions increase job satisfactionoPrimary goal obtain economic benefits and improved treatment for membersoReduces managements flexibility and discretion in dealing with employeesLabourmanagement relationsongoing interactions between unions and managementCollective agreement union contractformal agreement between employerunion representation group of employees regarding termsconditions of employmentCollective bargainingnegotiations between unionemployer to arrive at mutually acceptable collective agreementBargaining unitgroup of employees in a firmplantindustry recognized by employer or certified by a Labour Relations Board LRBCanadas Labour LawsTwo general purposes1Provide common set of rules for fair negotiations negotiate in good faith2Protect public interest by preventing impact of labour disputes from inconveniencing the public public welfare safety and securityThere are employment legislation 13 provincialterritorial jurisdictions and federal labour relations legislationCommonalities across jurisdictionsoCertification proceduresoMin 1 year for collective agreementsoProcedures preceding legal strikelockoutoNo strikeslockouts during life of contractoInterpretation disputes settled by binding arbitrationoProhibition of unfair labour practicesoLabour relations boards to enforce legislationThe Labour Movement in Canada TodayBusiness unionismactivities of unions focusing on economic and welfare issues such as paybenefits job security and working conditionsSocial reform unionismactivities directed at furthering the interests of their members by influencing the socialeconomic policies of government such as speaking out on proposed legislative reformsTypes of Unions1Type of worker eligible for membershipCraft unionsunion representing workers practicing the same craft or trade eg carpentry or plumbingIndustrial unionunion for members of a particular company or industry regardless of work performed2Geographical scope International national or local unions3Labour congress affiliation Canadian Labour Congress CLCprimary Confederation of National Trade Unions CNTUAmerican Federation of LaborCongress of Industrial Organizations AFLCIOMembership Trends30 of Canadians are unionizedPercentage of labour force in unions has been slowly decreasing since the 1980sReasons dramatic increase in servicewhitecollar jobs decrease in employment in industries such as manufacturing more effective HR practices in nonunionized firmsCurrent Challenges to the Canadian Labour MovementGlobal competition eg NAFTAunions must make concessions or see jobs to go lowercost countriesTechnological change Greater automation loss of manufacturing jobsPrivatization and unionization of whitecollar employeesInnovative workplace practicesHigh Performance Work Systems HPWStraining development appraisal payThe Labour Relations ProcessStep 1 Desire for Collective RepresentationFactors affecting desire to unionizeoJob dissatisfactionoLack of job securityoUnfairbiased administration of policiesoPerceived inequity in payoLack of advancement opportunityoLack of desired amount of influence in decisionsoBelief that unions can be effective in improving pay and working conditionsoSummary only if workers are dissatisfied AND believe they are only able to change that as a collective group will they be interested in unionizingOn average unionized employees in Canada earn 8 moreStep 2 Union Organizing Campaign1Employeeunion contact2Initial organizational meeting with interested employees3Formation of inhouse organizing committee4Organizing campaigncontacting employees presenting case for unionization and encouraging employees to sign an authorization card
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