Chapter 15.docx

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Michelle Preyde

Chapter 15: respondent and operant conditioning together OPERANT-RESPONDENT INTERACTIONS  any given experience is likely to include both respondent and operant conditioning occurring concurrently.  stimuli associated with the deadline likely caused Rick to feel anxious, a respondent response, and responding to meet the deadline, operant responses, were maintained by the negative reinforcement of the decrease in Rick's anxiety.  Both operant and respondent conditioning also occur in behavioral sequences involving positive reinforcers. RESPONDENT AND OPERANT COMPONENTS OF EMOTIONS  The role of respondent and operant conditioning in four areas of emotion: (a) the reaction that one feels during the experience of an emotion (b) the way that one learns to outwardly express or disguise an emo- tion (c) how one becomes aware of and describes one's emotions (d) some causes of emotions. Respondent component: Our feelings  Autonomic nervous system: digestive system, the circulatory system, and the respiratory system reflexes are controlled by the part of our nervous system  not involved in all respondent behaviors  Cross-cultural evidence suggests that these reflexive reactions may be universal  We learn to describe these physiological components of our emotions as feelings Some causes of emotions:  Presentation and withdrawal of reinforcers and presentation and withdrawal of aversive stimuli produce at least four major emotions.  Presentation of reinforcers = joy.  Withholding or withdrawing reinforcers = anger.  The presentation of aversive stimuli = anxiety.  Withdrawal of aversive stimuli = relief.  Other emotions might represent a mixture of s
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