FRHD 1100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Progestin, Ovulation, Miscarriage

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Chapter 8: Birth control choices and pregnancy
Birth control basics
- today birth control is safer, more effective and more convenient than in the past- but
none of today’s contraceptives are % safe
- female methods account for most contraceptive methods
- barrier to birth control is cost
- study found that the most common reason for non use of contraceptives was related to
perceived costs
- some couples use withdrawal or coitus interruptus, removal of the penis from the
vagina before ejaculation to prevent pregnancy
- college and university students aware of the risks associated with unprotected sex still
do not practice safe sex behaviours, this can be because of
o influence of alcohol
o embarrassment of buying condoms
o sex feels better without it
- for many, abstinence represents a deliberate choice regarding their bodies, minds,
spirits and sexuality
- people choose abstinence for various reasons including, waiting until they are ready,
waiting until they find the one, preventing pregnancy, religious views
- the most effective and widely used methods of birth control in Canada include oral
contraceptives, the intrauterine device, the diaphragm and the cervical cap
birth control pill
- the pill is the method of birth control used by most women all over the world
- it is also the preferred method of unmarried women and those under 30
- the pill is the most researched, tested and carefully followed mediations in medical
history- and one of the most controversial
- the pill does not protect against HIV and other STI’s
- getting pregnant in the first few months after stopping the pill has a higher increase in
the chance of miscarriage as well as having twins
- prevents ovulation
contraceptive ring
- releases low doses of estrogen and progestin to the surrounding tissue
- contains lower amount of hormones than the pill
- inserted and stays there for 3 weeks and is removed for the 4th week
- prevents ovulation
- increased complaints of vaginal discharge, irritation and infection
the patch
- sticks to the skin and continuously releases estrogen and progestin into the blood
stream
- replace patch every 7 days for 3 weeks and the 4th week is patch free
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