FRHD 3150 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Autonomic Nervous System, Classical Conditioning, Emo

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 3150
Chapter 15: respondent and operant conditioning together
OPERANT-RESPONDENT INTERACTIONS
any given experience is likely to include both respondent and operant conditioning
occurring concurrently.
stimuli associated with the deadline likely caused Rick to feel anxious, a respondent
response, and responding to meet the deadline, operant responses, were maintained by the
negative reinforcement of the decrease in Rick's anxiety.
Both operant and respondent conditioning also occur in behavioral sequences involving
positive reinforcers.
RESPONDENT AND OPERANT COMPONENTS OF EMOTIONS
The role of respondent and operant conditioning in four areas of emotion:
(a) the reaction that one feels during the experience of an emotion
(b) the way that one learns to outwardly express or disguise an emo- tion
(c) how one becomes aware of and describes one's emotions
(d) some causes of emotions.
Respondent component: Our feelings
Autonomic nervous system: digestive system, the circulatory system, and the respiratory
system reflexes are controlled by the part of our nervous system
not involved in all respondent behaviors
Cross-cultural evidence suggests that these reflexive reactions may be universal
We learn to describe these physiological components of our emotions as feelings
Some causes of emotions:
Presentation and withdrawal of reinforcers and presentation and withdrawal of aversive
stimuli produce at least four major emotions.
Presentation of reinforcers = joy.
Withholding or withdrawing reinforcers = anger.
The presentation of aversive stimuli = anxiety.
Withdrawal of aversive stimuli = relief.
Other emotions might represent a mixture of some of these basic emotions
Our emotions have three important characteristics:
1. the autonomic reaction that you feel during the experience of an emotion- which is
influenced by respondent conditioning;
2. the way that you learn to express an emotion overtly- which is influenced by operant
conditioning;
3. the way that you become aware of and describe your emotions, which is also
influenced by operant conditioning.
RESPONDENT AND OPERANT COMPONENTS OF THINKING
A Respondent Component: Our Imagery
Conditioned sensing: just as we acquire conditioned seeing through experience, we also
acquire conditioned hearing, conditioned smelling, and conditioned feeling.
conditioned sensory responses are unique to each individual.
An Operant Component: Our Self-Talk
Another type of thinking is self-directed verbal behavior, or self-talk.
Most thinking is verbal behavior and it's taught by others through operant conditioning.
We learn to think out loud as children because it helps us to perform tasks more easily
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Document Summary

Any given experience is likely to include both respondent and operant conditioning occurring concurrently. Stimuli associated with the deadline likely caused rick to feel anxious, a respondent response, and responding to meet the deadline, operant responses, were maintained by the negative reinforcement of the decrease in rick"s anxiety. Both operant and respondent conditioning also occur in behavioral sequences involving positive reinforcers. Autonomic nervous system: digestive system, the circulatory system, and the respiratory system reflexes are controlled by the part of our nervous system. Cross-cultural evidence suggests that these reflexive reactions may be universal. We learn to describe these physiological components of our emotions as feelings. Presentation and withdrawal of reinforcers and presentation and withdrawal of aversive stimuli produce at least four major emotions. The presentation of aversive stimuli = anxiety. Other emotions might represent a mixture of some of these basic emotions.

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