POLS 2000 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Intellectual Disability, Malnutrition, Cultural Bias

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People with intellectual disabilities are represented with lower academic performance and social skills self-fulfilling prophecy. The self-fulfilling prophecy states that if a person is labeled as having intellectual disability, the person will function as one who has an intellectual disability even if it is not the case. Factors such as environmental conditions (health care, poverty) is associated with intellectual disabilities, as well as social customs/mores and language differences. Poverty is found more in ethnic minorities than their white counterparts: minority children from poor environment tend to have lower occupational expectations than. Caucasians: malnutrition, harmful environmental substances, homelessness and developmental delays are effects of poverty that affect academic success. Poverty limits the health care that kids get during crucial periods of growth in their lives; this results in improper development. Poverty also magnifies depression and chronic stress, which in turn can cause intellectual disabilities.

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