PSYC 3850 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Cultural Bias, Intellectual Disability, Cultural Diversity

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Chapter 2: Diversity Issues
- Departure from normal functioning
oLower intellectual performance and reduced functioning in social
skills
- Difficulty defining acceptable behaviour among various cultural groups
oPrimarily represent views of majority
- Cultural diversity plays major role in causation, assessment, prevention,
and placement and treatment in intellectual disabilities
- Diagnosed as having an intellectual disability when their behaviour is
related to cultural difference
oSelf-fulfilling prophecy – labeled as having an intellectual disability
and will over time begin to function as such
- Children’s performance levels reflect expectations of their teachers
Associated Influences
- Influenced by current environment and one we grew up in
- Culturally diff populations associated w/ intellectual disabilities by virtue of
environment conditions beyond control of the people shaped by them (e.g.
poor health care and poverty)
- Inherent where there is cultural and ethnic diversity, such as social
customs or mores and language differences
oLiteral perspective of the term differences
Behaviour predominant in one culture may not be in another
Poverty
- Strongest influence on sociocultural environment
- Impoverished circumstances found more among ethnic minorities
- 12 mill children poor = high risk environment for difficulties
- Ethnic minorities at disadvantage
oLower educational and occupational expectations
oCorrelation b/w poverty and poor school performance
- Effects of poverty complex interaction of factors
oDetrimental physical components of the environment, children’s
self-perception of competence, teachers’ assessment of effort, and
other environmental influences
- Early preschool programs have beneficial effect on poor children’s
cognitive development and school success
- Increases chance of childhood malnutrition and exposure to toxic agents
oMay lead to homelessness, contributing to irregular school
attendance, chronic health probs, and developmental delays
- Effects type and level of healthcare and nutrition that builds physical
systems
- Children who begin development years in unfavourable circumstances
have higher probability of continued slower or abnormal development and
being labeled as having intellectual disability
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Document Summary

Departure from normal functioning: lower intellectual performance and reduced functioning in social skills. Difficulty defining acceptable behaviour among various cultural groups: primarily represent views of majority. Cultural diversity plays major role in causation, assessment, prevention, and placement and treatment in intellectual disabilities. Diagnosed as having an intellectual disability when their behaviour is related to cultural difference: self-fulfilling prophecy labeled as having an intellectual disability and will over time begin to function as such. Children"s performance levels reflect expectations of their teachers. Influenced by current environment and one we grew up in. Culturally diff populations associated w/ intellectual disabilities by virtue of environment conditions beyond control of the people shaped by them (e. g. poor health care and poverty) Inherent where there is cultural and ethnic diversity, such as social customs or mores and language differences: literal perspective of the term differences. Behaviour predominant in one culture may not be in another.

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