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PSYC 2410 (149)
Dan Meegan (42)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10 Principles of Behaviour Notes

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2410
Dan Meegan

Chapter 10 PsychologyMotivationEmotionMotivation process that influences the direction persistenceVigor of goaldirected behaviourPERSPECTIVES ON MOTIVATIONInstinct TheoryEvolutionary Psychology Darwins theory views that instincts motivate much of behaviour Instinct An inherited predisposition to behave in a predictable and specific way when exposed to a stimulus Have a genetic basis Modern evolutionary psychologists propose that many psychological motives have evolutionary underpinnings Adaptive significance of behaviour is important for understanding motivation through this viewEg Why are we such social creatureSurvival advantages such as sharing resourcesprotectionHomeostasisDrive Theory Our bodys biological systems are delicately balanced to ensure survival Eg When hot our body automatically tries to cools itselfHomeostasis A state of internal physiological equilibrium that body strives to maintain Maintaining homeostasis requires a sensory mechanism for detecting changes in the internal environment a response system that can restore equilibriumcontrol centre that receives info that sensorsactivates the response system Homeostatic regulation also can involve learned behaviours When hot we perspire BUT also may seek shady place or drink a cold drinkDrive Theory disruption to homeostasis produces drives states of internal tension that motivate an organism to behave in ways that reduce this tension Eg Hunger arises from tissue deficits lack of foodwater Hull proposed that reducing drives is the ultimate goal of motivationIncentiveExpectancy TheoriesIncentives Environmental stimuli that pull an organism towards a
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