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Textbook Notes for Biology at University of Waterloo

BIOL240 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2.4: Fluid Mosaic Model, Lipid Bilayer, Hopanoids
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find more resources at oneclass.com Module 2.4 Thursday, January 3, 20192:28 PM Module 2.4 Cell envelope: Plasma membrane (all cells have) Cell wall (most bacterial cells have) Outer me...

Biology
BIOL240
Josh Neufeld
BIOL240 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2.1,2.2,2.3: Actinomycetales, Inclusion Bodies, Spirillum
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Module 2.1, 2.3, 2.3 Thursday, January 3, 2012:28 PM Module 2.1 Shapes of Bacteria (based on the cell walls shape) Coccus: spherical (think of the o in the middle) Bacillus: rod (think of the two ls) Vibrio: curved rod (th...

Biology
BIOL240
Josh Neufeld
BIOL240 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1.1: Treponema Pallidum, Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Arsphenamine
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back alive when conditions return back to normal. Dictyostelium discoideum- unique bacteria that exists individually under normal conditions but under times of stress, forms a into a larger organism by joining with other c...

Biology
BIOL240
Josh Neufeld
BIOL359 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Genetic Drift, Mendelian Inheritance, Zygosity
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Chapter 7. Mendelian Genetics in Populations II: Migration, Drift, Nonrandom Mating 7.1 Migration Migration: an evolutionary sense; the movement of alleles between populations it is a gene flow: the transfer of alleles ...

Biology
BIOL359
Matthew Hrycyshyn
BIOL359 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Florida Panther, Genetic Drift, Extinction Vortex
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7.4 Nonrandom Mating the final assumption of the HW analysis is that individuals in the population mate at random nonrandom mating does not, by itself, cause evolution. But, it can have profound indirect effects on evolu...

Biology
BIOL359
Matthew Hrycyshyn
BIOL359 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Genotype Frequency, Population Genetics, Allele Frequency
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6.2 Selection First on the list of assumptions about our idealized population was that all individuals survive at equal rates and contribute equal numbers of gametes to the gene pool Systematic violations of this assumpt...

Biology
BIOL359
Matthew Hrycyshyn
BIOL359 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Mendelian Inheritance, Population Genetics, Genotype Frequency
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Chapter 6. Mendelian Genetics in Populations I: Selection and Mutation Population genetics integrates evolution by natural selection with Mendelian genetics The crucial insight of population genetics is that changes in the...

Biology
BIOL359
Matthew Hrycyshyn
BIOL359 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Directional Selection, Disruptive Selection, Stabilizing Selection
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Chapter 9. Evolution at multiple Loci: Quantitative Genetics 9.5 Predicting the Evolutionary Response to Selection Edmund Brodies study monitored the survival of several hundred individually marked juvenile garter snakes ...

Biology
BIOL359
Matthew Hrycyshyn
BIOL359 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Genetic Variation, Adenine, Phenotypic Plasticity
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Chapter 5. Variation Among Individuals 5.1 Three Kinds of Variation - There are three different kinds of variation among individuals o Genetic variation Variation in skin colour among indiv...

Biology
BIOL359
Matthew Hrycyshyn
BIOL359 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Reverse Transcriptase, Gene Duplication, Prophase
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5.2. Where New Alleles Come From - New alleles arise from alterations to existing alleles - Mutations to new alleles can influence phenotypes if they alter the expression and/or function of proteins - The...

Biology
BIOL359
Matthew Hrycyshyn
BIOL359 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Heritability, Selective Breeding
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Chapter 3. Evolution by Natural Selection 3.1 Artificial Selection: Domestic Animals and Plants - Darwin studied the mechanism of evolution under domestication - To increase the frequency of desirable traits in their sto...

Biology
BIOL359
Matthew Hrycyshyn
BIOL359 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Allele Frequency, Exaptation, Medium Ground Finch
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- Postulate 3: Do individuals vary in their success at surviving and reproducing? o In most populations, some individuals that survive to breed do better at mating and making offspring than ...

Biology
BIOL359
Matthew Hrycyshyn
BIOL359 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Uniformitarianism, Absolute Dating, Intron
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2.4 Evidence of Common ancestry: All LifeForms Are Related most genes in the human genome consist of small coding bits, or exons, separated by noncoding intervening sequences, or introns the human genome is littered with...

Biology
BIOL359
Matthew Hrycyshyn
BIOL359 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Microevolution, Common Descent, Special Creation
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Chapter 2. The Pattern of Evolution Before Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species, special creation was the leading explanation for where Earths organisms came from 2.1 Evidence of Microevolution: Change through...

Biology
BIOL359
Matthew Hrycyshyn

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