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HLTB21H3 (177)
Chapter 13

Chapter 13: TB

3 Pages
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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTB21H3
Professor
Caroline Barakat

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Chapter 13 – the peoples plague: tuberculosis
Consumption – characterized in 1853 med text as having nostalgia, depression, and excessive sexual indulgence
-latin CON meaning completely and sumere meaning to take up
-believed that mental activity and artistic talent were stimulated by positions of wasting disease
-TODAYcommonly known as TB or TUBERCULOSISor the white plague
-thought to produce euphoria, increased appetite, exacerbated sexual desire
-Imagined to be an aphrodisiacseduction
-1800 – reached its peak in Western Europe
-ppl with TB considered beautiful and erotic: extreme thinness, long neck and hands, shining eyes, pale skin and red
cheeks
-painful death by downing in its own blood
-neither recognized nor understood that TB was chronic infectious diseasewas romanticized
-other symptoms: incessant coughing, which made talking and eating almost impossible and breathing painful; weight loss
that prevented walking; and pain that required opium and whisky to ameliorate
-by death, emaciation was so complete that person resembled a cadaver
A LOOK BACK
-TB is an ancient disease plagued humans throughout history and even before
-TB of the lungsPULMONARY TBform of the disease we are most familiar with – slang lunger
-can be mistaken for chronic bronchitis with spitting up blood
-TB can affect organs other than the lungs , including the intestine and larynx; sometimes the lymp nodes in the neck –
producing a swelling called scrofula
-can also produce fusion of the vertebrae and deformation of the spinelupus vulgaris and the kidneys
-microbes that cause TB are called mcobacteria
-
-three myocbateriamycobacterium tuberculosis, m. leprae, and M. aviumare human pathogens that cause TB, leprosy,
and pulmonary disease with swollen glands in the neck
-M. aviumsymptoms include weight loss, fevers, chills, nights sweats, abdominal pains, diarrhea, and overall weakness
-M. bovisinfrequently infects – grows under conditions where oxygen levsl are lowdoesnt infect ppl – not associated
with lung diseaseassociated with spine and results from blood infection that spreads to via lymph vesselsarose from
soil bacteria and humans first became infected by drinking milk
-M. tuberculosis – grows best when oxygen is plentifulassociated with pulmonary TBspecific to humans and spreads
from person to person through droplets of saliva and mucusairborne transmission clearly when humans settled down
and established towns and cities
-BOVIS and TB have been shown to be 99.5% identicalpathogenic nature still to be explained
-TB disease of the lung is more recent than that of bonessuggested from Egyptian study that TB evoled from M.BOVIS
after cattle were domesticated between 8000 and 4000 BC
-believed TB then spread to middle east, Greece and India Nomadic tribes who were milk-drinking herdsmen who had
migrated from forests of central and eastern Europe
-Hippocrates called the disease PHTHISIS meaning to wasteemaciated and debilitated – had red cheeks; cause
of great suffering and death
-due to evil air; not considered contagiousdue to bad and heavy breathe contagious agent could not be
found
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Description
Chapter 13 the peoples plague: tuberculosis Consumption characterized in 1853 med text as having nostalgia, depression, and excessive sexual indulgence -latin CON meaning completely and sumere meaning to take up -believed that mental activity and artistic talent were stimulated by positions of wasting disease -TODAY commonly known as TB or TUBERCULOSIS or the white plague -thought to produce euphoria, increased appetite, exacerbated sexual desire -Imagined to be an aphrodisiac seduction -1800 reached its peak in Western Europe -ppl with TB considered beautiful and erotic: extreme thinness, long neck and hands, shining eyes, pale skin and red cheeks -painful death by downing in its own blood -neither recognized nor understood that TB was chronic infectious disease was romanticized -other symptoms: incessant coughing, which made talking and eating almost impossible and breathing painful; weight loss that prevented walking; and pain that required opium and whisky to ameliorate -by death, emaciation was so complete that person resembled a cadaver A LOOK BACK -TB is an ancient disease plagued humans throughout history and even before -TB of the lungs PULMONARY TB form of the disease we are most familiar with slang lunger -can be mistaken for chronic bronchitis with spitting up blood -TB can affect organs other than the lungs , including the intestine and larynx; sometimes the lymp nodes in the neck producing a swelling called scrofula -can also produce fusion of the vertebrae and deformation of the spine lupus vulgaris and the kidneys -microbes that cause TB are called mcobacteria - -three myo
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