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CA (168,362)
UTSC (19,305)
HLTC22H3 (102)
Anna Walsh (49)
Chapter 9

chapter 9 and 10 notes

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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC22H3
Professor
Anna Walsh

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HLTB01H3S: Health, Aging and the Life Cycle
Department of Health Studies
University of Toronto at Scarborough
Winter 2010
A&G: Ch 9 - The Interface Between
Physical and Mental Health.
Stress and Mental Health.
A&G: Ch 10 - Stress, Coping, and Health.
Chapter 9
The Interface between Physical and Mental Health
Personality Processes and Disease
x The idea that personality characteristics are related to health and illness is not
new, by any means.
x Sigmund Freud is credited with developing the first Western scientific theory of
mind, and he believed that eventually psychological phenomena would be traced
back to neurophysiological events.
x More recent research has reinstated the relationship between personality and
disease outcomes.
Psychological Risk Factors and Health
Hostility
x Type A personality/Type A Behaviour Pattern (TABP).
Anxiety
Relatively consistent effects of anxiety on heart disease and overall mortality have
been found.
Depression
x Perhaps the strongest association between negative affect and health in late life is
found with depression.
Psychological Protective Factors and Health
Control and Self-Efficacy
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2
x Many early studies showed the protective effect of control.
Optimism (Positive Outlook)
x The construction of optimism is one of the primary foci in the current emphasis
on positive psychology.
Emotional Stability
x Clearly, part of the negative effect of anxiety, hostility, and depression is related
to emotional labiality.
Alcohol and Aging
x The past several decades have witnessed a dramatic increase in our understanding
of how personality processes affect health.
Consumption Patterns with Age
Effects on Physical Health
x There is a large body of research suggesting that moderate consumption of
alcohol may be protective of health.
Effects on Mental Health
Effects on Cognition
Differentiating Between Mental and Physical Health Problems
x Illnesses may manifest differently in older adults than in younger persons. The
interface between physical and mental health in later life is complex.
Chapter 10
Stress, Coping, and Health
x Stress is a major pathway through which psychosocial factors affect physiology
and the aging process.
Stress
Stress as a Physiological State
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Description
HLTB01H3S: Health, Aging and the Life Cycle Department of Health Studies University of Toronto at Scarborough Winter 2010 A&G: Ch 9 - The Interface Between Physical and Mental Health. Stress and Mental Health. A&G: Ch 10 - Stress, Coping, and Health. Chapter 9 The Interface between Physical and Mental Health Personality Processes and Disease N The idea that personality characteristics are related to health and illness is not new, by any means. N Sigmund Freud is credited with developing the first Western scientific theory of mind, and he believed that eventually psychological phenomena would be traced back to neurophysiological events. N More recent research has reinstated the relationship between personality and disease outcomes. Psychological Risk Factors and Health Hostility N Type A personalityType A Behaviour Pattern (TABP). Anxiety Relatively consistent effects of anxiety on heart disease and overall mortality have been found. Depression N Perhaps the strongest association between negative affect and health in late life is found with depression. Psychological Protective Factors and Health Control and Self-Efficacy 1 www.notesolution.com
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