Textbook Notes (362,790)
Canada (158,054)
HLTB21H3 (177)
Chapter 1

In-depth notes on chapter 1

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

Chapter One The Nature of Plagues September 28, 2010. Legionnaires Disease Outbreak Philadelphia 1976 - (1976) Peter Turner, WWII veteran, fell ill following a stay at a hotel in Pennsylvania for a legionnaires convention. - Early symptoms: high fever, chills, headache, and muscle ache and pains. - Later symptoms (a few days later): dry couch, chest pains, shortness of breath, vomiting, and diarrhea. - Final symptoms (a week later): lungs filled with fluid and pus, confusion, disorientation, hallucinations, and loss of memory. - 221 others legionnaires also became ill and 33 of them including Turner died of pneumonia. - Pathway of spread of disease: *aspiration* of bacteria (called Legionella) in *aerosolized* water from AC, while in lobby of the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel. - Unlike infections caused by inhalation, aspiration is produced by choking. Secretions in the mouth get past the choking reflex and, instead of going into the esophagus and stomach, mistakenly enter the lungs. Protective mechanisms that normally prevent aspiration are defective in older people, smokers, and those with lung disease. The Legionnaires were perfect candidates. And Now .... - Since this outbreak, there have been 11,000 documented cases of Legionnaires disease annual in the US and estimates of 100,000 with a fatality rate of 15%. - Outbreaks have been traced to water heaters, whirlpool baths, respiratory therapy equipment, and ultrasonic misters used in grocery stores. A Few Years Later; Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) - Mary Benton, graduate student and English TA at UCLA experienced great pain every time she went to the washroom. - Her early symptoms: nausea, chills, diarrhea, headache, and a sore throat. - Her later symptoms: high fever, high
More Less

Related notes for HLTB21H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.