whiteplague

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Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTB21H3
Professor
Caroline Barakat
Semester
Fall

Description
Tuberculosis or White Plaque History TB has been present in the human population since antiquity Egyptian mummies from 2400 BC show definite pathological signs of tubercular decay The term phthisis or consumption appears first in Greek literature Homer 800BC 460 BC - Hippocrates identified phthisis (pulmonary TB) as the most widespread and fatal disease. He warned TB was documented in Egypt, India, and China as early as 5,000, 3,300, and 2,300 years ago respectively (Daniel 2006) Typical skeletal abnormalities, including Potts deformities, were found in Egyptian and Andean Suggestion that tuberculosis was limited to animals in prehistoric times until domestication of cattle and other animals -TB epidemics throughout the world likely from changes in the host population and the environment rather from the introduction of foreign pathogens (1546) Fracastorius describes Modern Theory of Contagion; believes phthisis is caused by invisible germs in the lungs (1629) Consumption - leading cause of death in London approximately 20% of all deaths (1679) Franciscus Delaboe Sylvius discovers the lung nodules, which he terms tubercles 1720 - Benjamin Marten - suggests a version of the germ theory of TB, and (1839) term tuberculosis first used (1854) Dr. Hermann Brehmer - Doctoral Dissertation- Tuberculosis is a Curable Disease- institution in Gorbersdorf introduction of the sanatorium in Silesia, Germany in sanatorium the patients had to rest, be exposed to fresh air, good nutrition and isolation Treatment -specializing in diagnosis and recovery of patients 1854 - Jean-Antoine Villemin -postulated a specific microorganism as the cause of the disease 1882 Dr. Robert Koch - Koch-German physician and scientist - discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB) 1895 - Wilhelm Konrad 1920 1950: because we learned a lot more on TB mass screening programs were implemented based on: Tuberculin and X-rays Etiology Agent - tubercle bacillus germ, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, an acid-fast bacillus (after being treated with certain dyes is not decolorized on subsequent treatment with a mineral acid) 3 main types of the human bacillus Type 1 found in India; least virulent Type A Africa, China, Japan, Europe, North America Type B Exclusively in Europe and North America Forms of Tuberculosis Several animal forms of the bacillus www.notesolution.com
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