Chapter 6 Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
International Development Studies
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

IDSB04 Chapter 6 Notes Table 6-1 and 6-2 have important definitions - know them! Leading causes of morbidity and mortality The three leading causes of death are non communicable diseases such as coronary heart disease (CHD), cancer, and stroke Denmark - High incomehighly redistributive High degree of economic development High life expectancy and low child mortality rates However high mortality rates from cancer compared to low and middle income countries Egypt - middle income and partially redistributive Life expectancy in Egypt is lower than in European countries Average infant mortality rates but 6x higher then Denmark CHD, stroke, hypertension, and pneumonia are leading causes of death Nigeria - Low income, marginally redistributive Poor health indices Life expectancy is about 46 years Child and infant mortality is high Leading killers in Nigeria are infections: HIVAIDs, malaria, measles, and TB Approach to prevention and control the practice of medicine recognizes structural development of health and illness but focuses on biomedical and behavioral prevention and control methods Prevention activities are often classified as primary, secondary and tertiary o Primary prevention are undertake to prevent infection or exposure, avoid the development of disease, and promote overall good health Immunization, seatbelt use, smoking cessation, condom use, and diet and exercise o Secondary prevention activities are aimed at early detection of disease to prevent its development Checking for disease through blood work, x-rays, or physical examinations in accompanied by treatment or behavioral change measure to stop further development of the disease
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