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Media Studies
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Ted Petit

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Media CH. 7 Psychoanalytic Analysis - Pleasure principal – is the uncontrollable human drive to satisfy desire - Desire- or an appetite for something that promises enjoyment, satisfaction and pleasure in its attainment (includes sexual desires, food and power) - Freud associates the pleasure principal with the id – the inherited, instinctual part of the psyche - The pleasure principal pushes individuals toward unrestricted satisfaction of every desire - Reality principal – represents the constant curbing of desire according to possibility, law or social convention - As infants we are driven to uncontrolled desires however, we learn to control that drive as we grow older and integrate into society - Reality principal is associated with the ego – the regulatory part of the conscious mind that comes to a decision on whether the attempt to obtain satisfaction to be carried out or suppressed - The control of the ego is the reason why we find pleasure in shocking, thrilling and upsetting aspects of life - Repression – the process of mentally containing our desires below conscious recognition or expression - The unconscious for Freud is the part of the mind that acts as a reservoir for desire and attempts to male repressed desires felt again by interjecting them into the conscious mind - Freudian Slip – recognizing a moment where one’s repressed desires broke through their conscious - Lack – (by Jacques Lacan) – believed there is not so much of struggle b/w pleasure and reality as there gap separate them - We experience a feeling of lack because we are consciously divided fm the pleasures that cannot be captured or expressed in the symbol systems of our everyday reality - According to Freud infants are born “polymorphosuly perverse” or with the ability to experience pleasure in a number of ways because they have no self control and are inhibited by social conventions - Newborns are unaware of their individual nature, the process of learning this distinction and forming conscious self is instrictlly tied up w. the notions of developing sexuality - Sexual pleasure are found in the Oral stage – the union b/w the mother and child in the act of breastfeeding (nourishment), the mouth is the first erotogenic zone in the developing female - Anal Stage – pleasure from secreting wastes, sense of control - Phallic stage – the second of Freud’s psychosocial stage, during this stage the primary erogenous zone is the genital area and pleasure derives from both direct genital stimulation and general psychical contact - At this stage children form strong immature sexual attachments to their parents of the opposite sex (father – daughter and mother- son = complexes) - According to Freud children experience jealousy of their sane sex parent’s close relationship with the opposite sex parent - Also he believed boys unconsciously fear being punished by their fathers over their desire for their mother including the ultimate punishment – castration - Girl’s love for her father = envy for the mother and is complicated by the discovery of having no male gentile (Electra complex) - Oedipus complex – the child undergoes a mental restructuring that takes the raw libidinal materials of the oral, anal, phallic stages splits them into conscious and unconscious desires – so in boys the father signals a threat to the sexual and pleasurable union b/w the mother and father. For the young girl, the oedipal stage is understood to be relatively unstable, forever shifting b/w maternal and paternal identifications Lacanian Psychoanalysis - Lacan was interested in the causes of mental disorders and psychosis however, he was also fascinated with the ways that the individual mind interacted with the culture at large - Lacan agrees with Freud in the belief that the mind fractures into conscious and unconscious aspects upon the infants realization of reality but he claims that the process is more a result of the individuals induction into systems of language than a process of strictly sexual development - Lacanian psychoanalysts recognizes 3 se
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