Textbook Notes (363,452)
Canada (158,372)
MGHB12H3 (73)
Chapter 012

Human Resource Management - Chapter 012

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Management (MGH)
Joanna Heathcote

CHAPTER 12 PROMOTING SAFETY AND HEALTH 27 November 2013 Occupational Safety and health accidents are both numerous and costly to employers To prevent losses such as these employers are concerned with providing working conditions in all areas of employment that provide for the safety and health of their employees The more costoriented employer recognizes the importance of avoiding accidents and illnesses whenever possible Most organizations provide employees with good working conditions because it is the right thing to do and because firms realize that people are the most strategic asset they haveSAFETY AND HEALTH ITS THE LAW Occupational health and safety is regulated by the federal provincial and territorial governments OCCUPATIONAL INJURY is any cut fracture sprain or amputation resulting from a workplace accident or from an exposure involving an accident in the work environment OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS is any abnormal condition or disorder other than one resulting from an occupational injury caused by exposure to environmental factors associated with employmentDUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES Fundamental duty of every employer is to take every reasonable precaution to ensure employee safety Regulatory legislation is essential to the operation of our complex industrial society it plays a legitimate and vital role in protecting those who are most vulnerable and least able to protect themselves Duties of Employers Besides providing a hazardfree workplace and complying with the applicable statutes and regulations employers must inform their employees about safety and health requirements Employers are also required to keep certain records to compile an annual summary of work related injuries and illnesses and to ensure that supervisors are familiar with the work and its associated hazards Employers must provide safety training and be prepared to discipline employees for failing to comply with safety rules Employers are increasingly being required to prove due diligence Duties of Workers Employees are required to comply with all applicable acts and regulations to report hazardous conditions or defective equipment and to follow all employer safety and health rules and regulations including those prescribing the use of protective equipment Workers have the right to refuse unsafe work without fear of reprisal An employee who suspects that work conditions are hazardous an report this concern to his or her supervisor this will trigger an investigation by the supervisor and a worker representative Duties of Joint Health and Safety Commitments Most jurisdictions require that health and safety committees be set up with both union and management representation The point of these joint committees is to establish a nonadversarial climate for creating safe and healthy workplacesPENALTIES FOR EMPLOYER NONCOMPLIANCE The penalties for violating occupational health and safety regulations vary across provinces and territories Most health and safety acts provide for fines up to 500000 and offenders can be sent to jail
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