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PSYA02H3 (984)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 14

detailed account of chapter 14 from psychodynamics

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Psychodynamic Approach (Sigmund Freud)
Psychodynamic Freudian notion that the mind is in a state of conflict among instincts,
reason, and conscience
Unconscious inaccessible part of the mind, still exert control over conscious thoughts
and actions
Structures of the Mind: Id, Ego, and Superego
The mind has 3 structures: id, ego, and superego
Id the unconscious reservoir of libido, the psychic energy that fuels instincts and psychic
processes. Only obeys one rule to obtain immediate gratification
Libido a part of id, is the primary source of instinctual motivation for all psychic forces;
insistent and unresponsive to demands of reality
Pleasure principle the rule that id obeys: obtain immediate gratification, whatever form it
may take
Ego the thinking, planning, and protective self; it controls and integrates behaviour.
Acts as a mediator, negotiating a compromise among the pressures of the id, the counter
pressures of the superego, and demands of reality a persons safety requirements
Reality principle the tendency to satisfy the ids demands realistically, involves
compromising the demands of id and superego
Superego repository of individuals moral values, divided into conscience and ego-ideal.
Conscience the internalization of a societys rules and regulations, determines what
behaviours are good and punishes wrongdoing with guilt
Ego-ideal internalization of ones goals
Manifest content surface storyline of a dream, disguises its latent content
Latent content hidden message of a dream, produced by the unconscious, motivated by
repressed wishes and urges
Free association a method of Freudian analysis in which an individual is asked to relax,
clear his or her mind of what they are thinking, and report all thoughts, images,
perceptions, and feelings that come to mind
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Defence mechanisms Repression, Reaction formation, Projection, Sublimation,
Rationalization, and Conversion
Defence mechanisms mental systems that become active when the ids unconscious
instinctual drives come into conflict with the superegos internalized prohibitions
Types of defence mechanisms
Repression responsible for keeping threatening or anxiety-provoking memories from
our conscious awareness repression of memories of childhood sexual assault gives the
child periods of freedom
Reaction formation involves replacing an anxiety-provoking idea with its opposite of
how one really feels someone who loves pornography but superego will not permit, so that
person becomes a crusader against pornography
Projection involves denying ones own unacceptable id-based desires and finding
evidence of these desires in othersbehaviour man who experienced a great deal of
repressed hostility may perceive the world as being full of people that are hostile to him
Sublimation diversion of psychic energy from pleasure seeking toward socially
acceptable goals diverting energy from the sex drive to produce a work of art
Rationalization process of inventing an acceptable but false reason for a behaviour that
is really being performed for another, less acceptable reason asserting the reason for
viewing pornographic material is to understand its social implications, when in fact they
are doing it for sexual gratification
Conversion (Hysteria) converting an intrapsychic conflict into a form of physical
symptom, such as blindness, deafness, paralysis, or numbness psychic conflict, caused
by the arousal by a particular person, causes you to develop symptoms of deafness to avoid
contact with that person
Freuds Psychosexual Theory of Personality Development
Psychosexual stages of development stages that involve seeking pleasure from specific
parts of the body called erogenous zones
Fixation arrested development due to failure to pass completely through an earlier
stage of development; attachment of psychic energy to an erogenous zone
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Description
Psychodynamic Approach (Sigmund Freud) Psychodynamic Freudian notion that the mind is in a state of conflict among instincts, reason, and conscience Unconscious inaccessible part of the mind, still exert control over conscious thoughts and actions Structures of the Mind: Id, Ego, and Superego The mind has 3 structures: id, ego, and superego Id the unconscious reservoir of libido, the psychic energy that fuels instincts and psychic processes. Only obeys one rule to obtain immediate gratification Libido a part of id, is the primary source of instinctual motivation for all psychic forces; insistent and unresponsive to demands of reality Pleasure principle the rule that id obeys: obtain immediate gratification, whatever form it may take Ego the thinking, planning, and protective self; it controls and integrates behaviour. Acts as a mediator, negotiating a compromise among the pressures of the id, the counter pressures of the superego, and demands of reality a persons safety requirements Reality principle the tendency to satisfy the ids demands realistically, involves compromising the demands of id and superego Superego repository of individuals moral values, divided into conscience and ego-ideal. Conscience the internalization of a societys rules and regulations, determines what behaviours are good and punishes wrongdoing with guilt Ego-ideal internalization of ones goals Manifest content surface storyline of a dream, disguises its latent content Latent content hidden message of a dream, produced by the unconscious, motivated by repressed wishes and urges Free association a method of Freudian analysis in which an individual is asked to relax, clear his or her mind of what they are thinking, and report all thoughts, images, perceptions, and feelings that come to mind www.notesolution.com
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