PSYB10H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Affective Forecasting, Appeasement, Duration Neglect

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18 Dec 2016
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Sympathy is a powerful trigger of altruistic behavior. Characterizing emotion a brief, specific response, both psychological and physiological, that helps people meet goals, including social goals. The 5 components of emotion: appraisal process patterns of construal for evaluating events and objects in the environment based on their relation to current goals; initiate emotions. Appraisals of harm, need, and vulnerability trigger experiences of sympathy: physiological responses, expressive behavior, subjective feelings, action tendencies - emotions move us toward specific actions and behaviors. An evolutionary approach to emotion proposes that the components of emotion enable adaptive reactions to survival-related threats and opportunities all people face. A cultural approach assumes that emotions are strongly influenced by the values, roles, institutions, and socialization practices that vary across cultures. The expressions of human emotion we observe today derive from actions that proved useful in out evolutionary past.

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