Textbook Notes (381,081)
CA (168,341)
UTSC (19,304)
Psychology (10,047)
PSYB32H3 (1,181)
Chapter 14

chapter 14

13 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB32H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis

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ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY
CHAPTER 14 SEXUAL & GENDER IDENITY DISORDERS
NOTE IMPORTANCE ON TABLE 14.1
GENDER IDENTITY DISORDER
CHARACTERISTICS OF GENDER IDENTITY DISORDER
- Gender Identity disorder (transsexualism) t feel usually from childhood that they are the
different sex
- Seeking clinical assessment: 1) behaviour not a phase child can grow out of 2)threshold
violation (cross-dress at school not just home) 3) child experience intense distress about
being current sex 4) concern about rejection of peers
- Prevalence: 1 in 30,000 for Men and 1 in 100,000-150,000 in Women
CAUSES OF GENDER IDENTITY DISORDER
- In childhood difficult to assess boy/girl behaviour blurred, so unless they have discomfort
Á]Z]}o}P]oÆZ}µov[}v]'/XdZol about taking GID out of
DSM for children altogether
- Gender Identity is influenced by hormones; during pregnancy mom takes male hormones
(synthetic progestins, it just helps them) makes girls tomboyish she takes female hormones
makes boys less athletic
- Still its not conclusive evidence, even worst evidence supposes chromosomal abnormalities
and worse is brain structure differences
- W}]o}o}(vÀ]}vuvWu}Z[v}µP]vP}Ç}}-dress but not much
evidence support
- But boys/girls who tak]v}}]Æ]À]]u}}v[vµÁ]'/Uµ
society less tolerant if boys do opposite sex activities
THERAPIES FOR GENDER IDENTITY DISORDER
BODY ALTERATIONS
- If want your body altered have to go to 6-12 months of therapy; suggest maybe just facial
hair removal, hormones, instead of the big surgery
www.notesolution.com
- Sex Reassignment Surgery t operation where genitalia are altered to make them more like
those of opposite sex
- Men do it more than women
- Pre-Op factors that predict favorability of doing it: 1) reasonable emotional stability 2)
successful adaptation in the new role for 1 year 3) adequate understanding of actual
limitations and consequences of the surgery 4) psychotherapy in the context of established
gender identity program
- Peopo}v[P]UµZ}ÁZÇZÇ]v[µPÇZǵ}((]Á]
life family and friends, patients point out post-op therapy important. The surgery may only
solve the trick nature played on them, but other problems still present
ALTERATIONS OF GENDER IDENTITY
- Sex reassignment may be only option, changing ones mind to body is hard, very few cases
where it was done
- Using therapy techniques like classical condition from arousal of males to females, showing
pair slides of men and women coupled with aversion therapy to degrade attractiveness of
men. Treatment also tries to change behaviour mannerisms how to talk to women, etc. Æ
only worked in a few cases
THE PARAPHILIAS
- Paraphilias t group of disorders involving sexual attraction to unusual objects or sexual
activities that are unusual in nature Æ to be diagnosed fantasisies, urges or behaviors
musts last 6 months and cause significant distress or impairment Æ some argue to get rid
of the distress part
- Also most paraphilias are male, men greatly outnumber women
FETISHISM
- Fetishism t involves reliance on an inanimate object for sexual arousal Æ the attraction to
the object is a compulsive quality; it is experienced as involuntary and irresistible
TRANSVESTIC FETISHISM
- Transvestic fetishism t ÁZvuv]ƵooÇ}µÇ]vP]vÁ}uv[o}Z]vPU
although he still regards himself as a man
www.notesolution.com
- Do not confuse it with the cross-dressing of drag queens it requires sexual arousal, and with
cross-dressing of people with GID
PEDOPHILIA & INCEST
- Pedophilia t is practiced by adults who derive sexual gratification through physical and
often sexual contact with prepubescent children unrelated to them Æ Person must be 16
and 5 years older than child to be diagnosed
- Occurs more in men gay or straight, they use internet for porn
- Incest t refers to sexual relations between close relatives for which marriage is forbidden
- Most common in brother and sister than father and daughter
- Child sexual abuse (CSA) t pedophilia and incest are forms of it
- People who do it lack social skills and are more isolated, b/c overt physical force is seldom
used they deny that they really force themselves on the child
VOYEURISM
- Voyeurism t involves a marked preference for obtaining sexual gratification by watching
others in a state of undress or having sexual relations
- A man can watch a women undress without her knowing and he can be sexual aroused but
](Z]o](]}]}vÀv]}voZ]]À}Çµ]]µZ[v}necessarily a voyeur
- For someone men voyeurism is the only sexual activity in which they engage and some its
highly preferred
- A true voyeur almost always a man watches the woman undress without here knowing, it is
v}Æ]]vP](Z[}]vP(}Zvefit must be element of risk, then masturbates or he
can watch couples having sexual relations
- It begins in adolescence it is thought voyeur afraid of more direct sexual contact probably
because of low social skills
- The availability of porn has decreased voyeurism
EXHIBITIONISM
- Exhibitionism t is a recurrent, marked preference for obtaining sexual gratification by
Æ}]vP}v[Pv]o}vµvÁ]oo]vPvPU}u]uZ]o
www.notesolution.com

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Description
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 14 SEXUAL & GENDER IDENITY DISORDERS NOTE IMPORTANCE ON TABLE 14.1 GENDER IDENTITY DISORDER CHARACTERISTICS OF GENDER IDENTITY DISORDER - Gender Identity disorder (transsexualism) J feel usually from childhood that they are the different sex - Seeking clinical assessment: 1) behaviour not a phase child can grow out of 2)threshold violation (cross-dress at school not just home) 3) child experience intense distress about being current sex 4) concern about rejection of peers - Prevalence: 1 in 30,000 for Men and 1 in 100,000-150,000 in Women CAUSES OF GENDER IDENTITY DISORDER - In childhood difficult to assess boygirl behaviour blurred, so unless they have discomfort ]Z]}o}2] oZZZ}oL[ }LZ]:@ZolZ about taking GID out of DSM for children altogether - Gender Identity is influenced by hormones; during pregnancy mom takes male hormones (synthetic progestins, it just helps them) makes girls tomboyish she takes female hormones makes boys less athletic - Still its not conclusive evidence, even worst evidence supposes chromosomal abnormalities and worse is brain structure differences - 9}ZZ]o}o}L]}LKL9K}Z[ZL }2]L2}Z} }ZZ-dress but not much evidence support - But boysgirls who tak]L}}Z]Z ]]]ZK}Z}L[L]7 society less tolerant if boys do opposite sex activities THERAPIES FOR GENDER IDENTITY DISORDER BODY ALTERATIONS - If want your body altered have to go to 6-12 months of therapy; suggest maybe just facial hair removal, hormones, instead of the big surgery www.notesolution.com- Sex Reassignment Surgery J operation where genitalia are altered to make them more like those of opposite sex - Men do it more than women - Pre-Op factors that predict favorability of doing it: 1) reasonable emotional stability 2) successful adaptation in the new role for 1 year 3) adequate understanding of actual limitations and consequences of the surgery 4) psychotherapy in the context of established gender identity program - Peopo}L[2]7Z}ZZ]ZL[EZZ2Z }]Z]Z life family and friends, patients point out post-op therapy important. The surgery may only solve the trick nature played on them, but other problems still present ALTERATIONS OF GENDER IDENTITY - Sex reassignment may be only option, changing ones mind to body is hard, very few cases where it was done - Using therapy techniques like classical condition from arousal of males to females, showing pair slides of men and women coupled with aversion therapy to degrade attractiveness of men. Treatment also tries to change behaviour mannerisms how to talk to women, etc. only worked in a few cases THE PARAPHILIAS - Paraphilias J group of disorders involving sexual attraction to unusual objects or sexual activities that are unusual in natreto be diagnosed fantasisies, urges or behaviors musts last 6 months and cause significant distress or impairmntsome argue to get rid of the distress part - Also most paraphilias are male, men greatly outnumber women FETISHISM - Fetishism J involves reliance on an inanimate object for sexual arosathe attraction to the object is a compulsive quality; it is experienced as involuntary and irresistible TRANSVESTIC FETISHISM - Transvestic fetishism J ZLKL]ZZoo}ZZZ]L2]L}KL[Z o}Z]L27 although he still regards himself as a man www.notesolution.com
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