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Chapter 1

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 1 Book Notes

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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1
Introduction to Behaviour Modification
The characteristics that define behaviour include:
1. Behaviour is what people do and say
Described with action verbs
Not a static characteristics of the person
Saying a person is angry, does not identify the persons behaviour
2. Behaviours have one or more dimensions that can be measured
Can measure frequency, duration, and the intensity of a behaviour or the physical forced involved
in the behaviour
3. Behaviours can be observed, described, and recorded by others or by the person engaging in the
behaviour
4. Behaviours have an impact on the environment
All human behaviour operates on the physical or social environment in some way, regardless of
whether we are aware of its impact
Example - You turn the light switch, the light bulb lights up, sometimes it has an effect only on
the person who engages in the behaviour
5. Behaviour is lawful
Its occurrence is systematically influenced by environmental events
Once a person understands the environmental events that cause behaviour to occur, he/she can
change the events in environment to alter behaviour
Example – disruptive behaviour of an autistic child is related to the level of teacher attention
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1
6. Behaviour is overt or covert
Overt behaviour: is an action that can be observed and recorded by a person other than the one
engaging in the behaviour
Covert behaviour: also called private events, are not observable by others
ExampleTims paper for his English class is a week late. He gives the paper to his professor and lies,
saying that it is late because he had to see his sick grandmother. The professor accepts the paper without
any penalty. He also missed his history test, and uses the same excuse. The professor lets him take the test
a week late
It is an action (something he said)t hat occurred twice (frequency)
Observed by his professors, and resulted in an effect on his social environment (his professors let
him take a test late and hand in a late paper)
Lawful because there is a functional relationship between the behaviour (lying) and the outcome
(getting away with late papers or test)
Behaviour modification: is the field of psychology concerned with analyzing and modifying human
behaviour
Analyzing: identifying the functional relationship between environmental events and a particular
behaviour to determine why a person behaves as he or she did
Modifying: developing procedures to help people change their behaviour, and involves altering
environmental events to influence behaviour
Characteristics of Behaviour Modification
1. Focus on behaviour
Procedures are meant to change behaviour, not a personal characteristics
The behaviour to be modified is called the target behaviour
Behavioural excess: is an undesirable target behaviour that the person wants to decrease in
frequency, duration, or intensity
Behavioural deficit: is a desirable target behaviour the person wants to increase in frequency,
www.notesolution.com

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Description
1 Introduction to Behaviour Modification The characteristics that define behaviour include: 1. Behaviour is what people do and say Described with action verbs Not a static characteristics of the person Saying a person is angry, does not identify the persons behaviour 2. Behaviours have one or more dimensions that can be measured Can measure frequency, duration, and the intensity of a behaviour or the physical forced involved in the behaviour 3. Behaviours can be observed, described, and recorded by others or by the person engaging in the behaviour 4. Behaviours have an impact on the environment All human behaviour operates on the physical or social environment in some way, regardless of whether we are aware of its impact Example - You turn the light switch, the light bulb lights up, sometimes it has an effect only on the person who engages in the behaviour 5. Behaviour is lawful Its occurrence is systematically influenced by environmental events Once a person understands the environmental events that cause behaviour to occur, heshe can change the events in environment to alter behaviour Example disruptive behaviour of an autistic child is related to the level of teacher attention www.notesolution.com
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