PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 19: Stimulus Control

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Published on 6 Jul 2012
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures
Chapter 19 Promoting Generalization
Generalization is defined as the occurrence of the behavior in the presence
of stimuli that are similar in some way to the SD that was present during
training
One way to promote generalization is to reinforce the behavior when it
occurs outside the training situation in the presence of relevant stimuli, in
this way, all relevant stimuli develop stimulus control over the behavior
Another strategy is to train skills that will result in natural contingencies of
reinforcement in relevant situations; if you cannot provide reinforcement
for the behavior in relevant situations outside the training situation, it is
important for natural reinforcers to be present (ex., asking the teacher “how
is my work?”)
When the trainer is not able to reinforce occurrence of generalization and
there are no existing natural contingencies of reinforcement, generalization
may be promoted by modifying the contingencies of reinforcement in the
relevant situation if the trainer cannot reinforce the behavior in the natural
environment, the trainer should teach others in the natural environment to
reinforce the behavior
Generalization can also be promoted by eliminating any punishment
contingency that would suppress the desirable behavior outside the training
situation
The use of stimulus exemplars during training can help generalize the
behavior
General case programming is defined as using multiple training examples
(stimulus exemplars) that sample the range of relevant stimulus situations
and response variations
It is often useful to teach a variety of responses that may all achieve the same
outcome for the client called functionally equivalent responses, that is,
each response serves the same function for the person
Self-generated mediator of generalization is a stimulus that is maintained
and transported by the client as part of treatment (ex., notes)
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Document Summary

Generalization is defined as the occurrence of the behavior in the presence of stimuli that are similar in some way to the sd that was present during training. One way to promote generalization is to reinforce the behavior when it occurs outside the training situation in the presence of relevant stimuli, in this way, all relevant stimuli develop stimulus control over the behavior. Generalization can also be promoted by eliminating any punishment contingency that would suppress the desirable behavior outside the training situation. The use of stimulus exemplars during training can help generalize the behavior. General case programming is defined as using multiple training examples (stimulus exemplars) that sample the range of relevant stimulus situations and response variations. It is often useful to teach a variety of responses that may all achieve the same outcome for the client called functionally equivalent responses, that is, each response serves the same function for the person.

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