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Chapter 23

Chapter 23 Summary Guide

5 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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CHAPTER 23: BEHAVIOURAL CONTRACTS
Defining the Behavioural Contract
Behavioural contact: is a written agreement between two parties in which one or both parties
agree to engage in a specified level of a target behaviour
Also called a contingency contract or a performance contract
Consequences will be administered contingent on the occurrence
The behaviour is negatively reinforced
The contract states the time frame of the agreement & identifies the person response for
administering the consequence
The behaviour of one party is reinforced by the behaviour of the second party
The contract is time-limited, thus the contract can be renegotiated & rewritten frequently
so that any problems in the contract can be corrected
Components of a Behavioural Contract
1) Identifying the target behaviour
The target behaviour must be stated in clear, objective terms
With the assistance of the contract manager, the client chooses target behaviour that are
meaningful & in need of change
2) Stating how the target behaviours will be measured
Clients must be able to prove that the target behaviours did or did not occur so that the
contingencies can be implemented correctly
Acceptable methods include permanent products of the behaviours or direct observation
& documentation of the behaviour
Example – permanent product measures may be fingernail length in a contract to stop
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fingernail biting
3) Stating when the behaviour must be performed
Each contract must have a time frame that states when the behaviour must occur (or not
occur) for the contingencies to be implemented
4) Identifying the reinforcement or punishment contingency
The contract manager uses positive/negative reinforcement or positive/negative
punishment to help the client perform the target behaviour stated in the contract
5) Identifying who will implement the contingency
One party agrees to engage in a specified level of the target behaviour, and the other party
implements the reinforcement or punishment contingency stated in the contract
Sometimes, both parties agree to engage in a specified level of target behaviour, and each
party’s behaviour change reinforces the behaviour change of the other party
Types of Behavioural Contracts
One-Party Contracts
Also called a unilateral contract
One person seeks to change a target behaviour and arranges reinforcement or punishment
contingencies with a contract manager
Used when the person wants to increase desirable behaviour, or decrease undesirable
behaviour
The contract manager does not gain anything from the contract contingencies
It is not wise for friends or family members to serve as contract managers, due to personal
relationships
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Description
CHAPTER 23: BEHAVIOURAL CONTRACTS Defining the Behavioural Contract Behavioural contact: is a written agreement between two parties in which one or both parties agree to engage in a specified level of a target behaviour Also called a contingency contract or a performance contract Consequences will be administered contingent on the occurrence The behaviour is negatively reinforced The contract states the time frame of the agreement & identifies the person response for administering the consequence The behaviour of one party is reinforced by the behaviour of the second party The contract is time-limited, thus the contract can be renegotiated & rewritten frequently so that any problems in the contract can be corrected Components of a Behavioural Contract 1) Identifying the target behaviour The target behaviour must be stated in clear, objective terms With the assistance of the contract manager, the client chooses target behaviour that are meaningful & in need of change 2) Stating how the target behaviours will be measured Clients must be able to prove that the target behaviours did or did not occur so that the contingencies can be implemented correctly Acceptable methods include permanent products of the behaviours or direct observation & documentation of the behaviour Example permanent product measures may be fingernail length in a contract to stop www.notesolution.com
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