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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 text book notes

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Michael Inzlicht

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chapter 1 - introduction to the study of stereotyping and prejudice
ingroups - any group with which one affiliates themselves; to which one belongs
outgroups - any group with which one does not affiliate themselves; to which one does
not belong
prejudice - biased evaluation of a group, based on real or imagined characteristics of
the group members
stereotypes - set of beliefs about the personal attributes of a group of people
Walter Lippmann - stereotype describes the tendency of people to think of someone or
something in similar terms based on a common feature shared by each
Allport - stereotype is an exaggerated belief associated with a category
Hamilton and Trolier - stereotype as a cognitive structure that contains the perceivers
knowledge, beliefs, and expectations about a human group
schema - hierarchically organized, cognitive structure that represents knowledge about
a concept or type of stimulus, and its attributes and the relations between those
cultural stereotypes - consensually or widely shared beliefs about a group
individual stereotypes - beliefs help by an individual about the characteristics of a
attitude - general evaluation of some object; usually falls along a good-bad or
favourable-unfavourable dimension
discrimination - negative behaviour toward someone based on their membership in a
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