An emotion is a psychological state or process that mediates between our concerns and events of our world. Sylvan tomkins: at any one time, an emotion gives priority to one concern over others; gives the concern urgency. Emotions are locally rational, as in they help us deal adaptively with concerns specific to our current context. Emotions are the source of our values: whom and what we love, what we dislike and despise. Emotions help us form and engage in relationships. Most of our important emotions happen between us and others. Foundation of john bowlby s work (attachment theory) Aristotle and the ethics of emotions: most fundamental insight: while many assume that emotions happen to us outside of our control, emotions actually depend on what we believe. Epicurean: devoted to the pursuit of pleasure . Humans have a right to the pursuit of happiness. Natural living; living in harmony with the environment.