PSYC37H3 Chapter 2: Chapter 2.docx

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22 Apr 2012
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Rudimentary forms of testing in china in 2200 b. c. Testing can be dated back to 22200 b. c. when the emperor made his officials take a test every 3 years. Examination system was abolished by royal decree in 1906. Physiognomy is the notion that we can judge the inner character of people from their outward appearance, especially the face. This notion can be traced back to the 4th century when aristotle said that changes in a person"s soul could change the appearance of the body and vice versa. Johann lavater made physiognomy flourish with his essays. This laid the foundation for franz joseph gall (1758-1829) who came up with phrenology. In 1931 henry c. lavery made a machine called the psychograph which measured bumps on the head. Experimental psychology flourished in the late 1800s in continental europe and great. Human abilities tested in labs and they used procedures capable of replication. Early experimental psychologists mistook simple sensory processes for intelligence.

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