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Chapter 14

PSYA02H3 MODULE 14.1 CHAPTER 14.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYA02H3 WEEK 6: 14.02.10. CHAPTER 14: THERAPIES Module 14.1 Treating Psychological Disorders  Psychotherapy is the processes for resolving personal, emotional, behavioral, and social  problems so as to improve well­being. ­ Large­scale surveys in America show that many people are seeking out help for  psychological problems ­ Approx. 13% of Americans received some form of mental health treatment  between 2004­08, with 57%+ of those who could be diagnosed with a  psychological disorder ­ Not all groups of people equally likely to seek treatment o Women participate more often than men and people aged 35­55 seek  treatment more often than younger adults or the elderly ­ Researchers in the United States found that Caucasians are more likely to seek  help than African American and Hispanic individuals ­ In addition, people living in Canada or the States more likely to seek therapy than  people from most other regions such as Israel, Hungary, Japan, and Korea BARRIERS TO PSYCHOLOGICAL TREATMENT ­ Thousands could benefit from psychological treatment but delay getting help for  many years or simply go without treatment  Expense and Availability ­ Two of the main barriers to mental health treatment are time and expenses ­ Psychotherapy can cost more than $100 per hour and because it may require   weekly sessions across several months, middle­class families would also struggle ­ There’d widespread perception that drugs are expensive and there’s some truth to  that assumption i.e. schizophrenic drugs cost $400 per month Minimization, Misunderstanding, or Mistrust ­ Quite common for people avoiding treatment to minimalize their condition ­ People mayn’t not realize that their experiences can be treated successfully with  therapy or medication ­ Thus educational programs can help people identify treatable problems and build  confidence in the mental health profession Stigma About Mental Health  1 ­ Many resist seeking help due to the stigma – collection of negative stereotypes –  associated with psychological disorders  ­ Stigma against people with mental disorders can result in job and housing  discrimination, as well as avoidance from family, peers, and co­workers MENTAL HEALTH PROVIDERS AND SETTINGS ­ Type of treatment people receive depends on several factors incl. their age, type  and severity of
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