Textbook Notes (368,245)
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Psychology (9,695)
PSYB32H3 (1,174)

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Konstantine Zakzanis

Chapter 3: CLASSIFICATION AND DIAGNOSIS Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) THE DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM OF THE AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION (DSM=IV AND DSM-IV-TR) DEFINITION OF MENTAL DISORDER A clinically significant behavioural psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that associated with present distress or with a significantly increased risk of suffering death , pain, disability or an important loss of freedom. FIVE DIMENSIONS OF CLASSIFICATION Sweeping change is the use ofmultiaxial classification, whereby each individual is rather on five separate dimensions. Axis I. All diagnostic categories except personality disorders and mental retardation Axis II. Personality disorders and mental retardation. Axis III. General medication conditions Axis IV. Psychosocial and environmental problems Axis V. Current level of functioning The five axes, forces the diagnostician to consider a broad range of information. Although the remaining three axes are not needed to make the actual diagnosis, their inclusion in the DSM indicates that factors other than a persons symptoms should be considered in an assessment so that the persons overall life situation can be better understood. Axis V codes psychosocial and environmental problems that the person has been experiencing and that may be contributing to the disorder. These include occupational problems, economic problems, interpersonal difficulties with family members, and a variety of problems in other life areas that may influence psychological functioning. DISORDERS USUALLY DIAGNOSED IN INFANCY, CHILDHOOD OR ADOLESCENCE The child separation anxiety disorder has excessive anxiety about being away from home or parents Children with conduct disorder repeatedly violate social norms and rules www.notesolution.com
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