Textbook Notes (362,812)
Canada (158,056)
Psychology (9,546)
PSYB32H3 (1,174)
Chapter 1

Study Guide of Chapter 1 for PSYB32

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Konstantine Zakzanis

Chapter 1 What is Abnormal Behavior? Psychopathology- the field concerned with the nature and development of abnormal behavior, thoughts, and feelings. - is a study for the search for why people behave, think, and feel in unexpected, sometimes bizarre, and typically self-defeating ways. Abnormal Behavior- includes characteristics such as Statistical infrequency- an assertion that a person is normal implies that he or she does not deviate much from the average in a particular trait or behavior pattern. Someone who does deviate from the average is considered abnormal. Violation of norms- someone who that threatens or makes anxious those observing it. What is the norm in one culture might be considered abnormal in another culture. Personal distress-behavior is abnormal if it creates create distress or torment in the person experiencing it. Disability of Dysfunction- Disability that is impairment in some important area of life because of an abnormality Unexpectedness- Distress and disability are considered abnormal when they are unexpected responses to environmental stressors. Diagnosis- the skills necessary to determine that a patients symptoms or problems indicate a particular disorder. Psychotherapy-a verbal means for helping trouble individuals change their thoughts, feelings, and behaviour to reduce distress and to achieve greater life satisfaction. -many early philosophers, theologians, and physicians who studied the troubled mind believed that deviancy reflected the displeasure of the gods or possession by demons Demonology- the doctrine that an evil being, such as the devil, may dwell within a person and control his or her mind and body. Exorcism-the casting out of evil spirits by ritualistic chanting or torture Trepanning of Skulls- the marking of a surgical opening ina living skull by some instrument - it was presumed that the individual would return to a normal state by creating an opening through which evil spirits could escape. Somatorgenesis- the notion that something is wrong with the soma, or physical body, disturbs thought and action - This was viewed by the Hippocrates. Psychogenesis- in contrast, is the belief that a disturbance has psychological origins. -witch craft arises during the thirteenth century when Europeans became obsessed with the devil, however witchcraft was not viewed as instigated by Satan. -witchcraft as seen as a heresy and a denial of God. th -Beginning of 13 century, lunacy trials to determine a persons sanity were held in England. www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for PSYB32H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.