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Chapter 11

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 11 Book Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

11 Chaining Behavioral chain: a complex behavior consisting of many component behaviors that occur together in a sequence Example - if you a piece of human, you have to engage in a sequence of responses The actions include (1) reaching into your pocket, (2) pull out the pack of gum, (3) pull a single stick out of the pack, (4) unwrap the piece of gum, and (5) put the gum in your mouth A learner can engage in a particular behavior in the sequence only if the previous behavior has been completed Each component behavior depends on the occurrence of the previous behavior Analyzing Stimulus-Response Chains A behavior chain is often called a stimulus-response chain Each behavior or response produces a stimulus change that acts as an S for the next response in the chain The whole stimulus-response chain is under stimulus control, so the first response occurs when a D particular S is presented The gum in your pocket is an S for the first response in the chain reaching in your pocket and grabbing the pack of hum A behavioral chain continues only if the last response in the chain results in a reinforcing consequence Each subsequent response in the chain occurs because the previous response created the S that has stimulus control over that response The outcome of the chain can be more reinforcing due an establishing operation The establishing operation might be having a bad taste in your mouth, having an old piece of hum, or any circumstance that makes fresh breath reinforcing at the time S 1 (pack of gum in your pocket) R1 (reach into your pocket) www.notesolution.com
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