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Chapter 15

Behaviour Modification - Chapter 15 Book Notes
Behaviour Modification - Chapter 15 Book Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 15 - Differential Reinforcement Differential reinforcement procedures: involved applying reinforcement + extinction to increase the occurrence of a desirable target behaviour, or to decrease the occurrence of undesirable behaviour Different types include: 1. Differential reinforcement of alternative behaviour (DRA) 2. Differential reinforcement of other behaviour (DRO) 3. Differential reinforcement of love rates of responding (DRL) Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behaviours DRA: increase the frequency of desirable behaviour, + decrease the frequency of undesirable behaviour Desirable behaviour is reinforced every time it occurs, resulting in an increase in the future probability of desirable behaviour Undesirable behaviour is not reinforced, resulting in an decrease in the future probability of the undesirable behaviour Example getting Mrs. Williams to be positive o Antecedent = nurse it present o Response = Mrs. Williams complains o Consequence = Nurse provides attention o Outcome = Mrs. Williams is more likely to complain when the nurse is present Reinforcement: Antecedent = nurse is present Response = Mrs. Williams says positive things www.notesolution.com
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