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CH 12 Behavioral Procedures.docx

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Zachariah Campbell

CH12 Behavioral Skills Training ProceduresBST 4 types such as modeling instructions rehearsal and feedback which are generally used together in training sessions to help a person acquire useful skills such as social skills or jobrelated skills Typically used to teach skills that can be simulated in a role play contextComponents of the Behavioral Skills Training Procedure Modeling the correct behavior is demonstrated for the learner The learner observes the models behavior then imitates the model For modeling to be effective the learner must have an imitative repertoire the learner has to be able to pay attention to the model and perform the behavior that the model just demonstrated Models behavior becomes an sD for imitation and limitation becomes a generalized response class which means that imitation is likely to occur in the future when a behavior is modeled for the learner Live modeling another person demonstrates the appropriate behavior in the appropriate situation Symbolic modeling correct behavior is demonstrated on videotape audiotape or possibly in a cartoon or movie Researchers found that the children who received the modeling instructions rehearsal and feedback learned the abduction prevention skills better than the children who got instructions and modeling from the videotape without the chance for rehearsal and feedback Factors that Influence the Effectiveness of Modeling model exhibiting the correct behavior should result in a successful outcome model should resemble people observing the model or should have high status complexity of the models behavior should be appropriate to the developmental or ability level of the learner learner has to pay attention the modeled behavior must occur in the proper context the model behavior should be repeated as often as necessary for the learner to imitate it correctly behavior should be modeled in a variety of ways and in a variety of situations to enhance generalization and learner should have an opportunity to rehearse the behavior after observing the model and correct imitation of the modeled behavior should be reinforced immediately Instructions it describes the appropriate behavior for the learner It should be specific and should also specify the appropriate circumstances in which the learner is expected to engage in the behavior Factors influence effectiveness of Instructions instructions should be presented at a level that the learner can understand should be delivered by someone who has credibility with the learner learner should have opportunity to rehearse the behavior asap after rcvng instructions instructions should be paired with modeling whenever
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