Textbook Notes (363,137)
Canada (158,217)
Psychology (9,573)
PSYB65H3 (479)
Ted Petit (185)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ted Petit

Chapter 1 [INTRODUCTION TO NEUROPSYCHOLOGY] Main Teaching Points: Module 1.1: Introduction to Neuropsychology 1. The 10% Myth 2. What is Neuropsychology 3. Heart, Mind, and Brain: The Early History of Neuropsychology 4. The Mind-Body Problem Module 1.2: The Recent History of Neuropsychology 1. Cataloguing the Effects of Lesions 2. Focus on the Neuron 3. The Brain Mappers 4. Functional Neurosurgery 5. The Paradigm Shift in Neuropsychology Module 1.1 Introduction to Neuropsychology The 10% Myth N Myth: Humans use only 10% of their brain Overinterpretation Marie-Jean-Pierre Flourens & Karl Lashley J animals were able to perform basic function after almost 90% of their brains were damaged What is Neuropsychology? N Neuropsychology J the study of the relation between behaviour and the activity of the brain ZZKZZL]L]]o[ZZ]}]ZoZ]LZZo}Z ]]]LZ]L Types of Neuropsychologists: 1. Clinical Neuropsychology J the branch of neuropsychology concerned with psychological assessment, management, and rehabilitation of neurological disease and injury 2. Experimental Neuropsychology J the branch of neuropsychology concerned with how human behaviour arises from brain activity, which includes explaining how patterns of behavioural impairments can be explained in terms of disruptions to the damaged neural components Aka. Cognitive Neuropsychology Cognitive Neuroscience Heart, Mind, and Brain: The Early History of Neuropsychology A. Human thoughts and behaviours were not always attributed to the brain 1. Empedocles o All matter was composed of four elements: fire, air, water, earth o Cardiac Cardiocentric Hypothesis: Heart was the source of human behaviour 2. Aristotle o Heart is normally very active and warm J source of thought and sensation o Brain served as a radiator, cooling the blood B. Cephalocentric Hypothesis Brain Hypothesis o Hippocrates Galen o Brain is responsible for human behaviour www.notesolution.com
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