Textbook Notes (368,795)
Canada (162,165)
Psychology (9,697)
PSYC02H3 (41)
Anna Nagy (13)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3

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Anna Nagy

PSYB01MethodsinBehaviouralResearchChapter3EthicalResearchMILGRAMSOBEDIENCEEXPERIMENTif you dont know the background info behind this experiment refer to p 40 and read it over Although advertised as an experiment on memory and learning Milgram was really interested in learning the whether a participatnt would continue to obey the experimenter by administering even high levels of shock to the learner Approx 65 of the participants continued to deliver shocks all the way to 450 volts Miligramsstudy received a great deal of publicity and the results challenged many of our beliefs about our ability to resist authority oThe results of this study have implications in Nazi Germany and the Jonestown mass suicideTHEBELMONTREPROTCurrent ethical guidelines for both behavioural and medical researchers have their origins in the Belmont Report Ethical Principles and guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research Defines the principles and applications that have guided more detailed regulations and the APA Ethics Code3 basic ethical principles are beneficence respect for persons autonomy and justice The associated applications of the aforementioned principles are assessment o risk and benefits informed consent and selection of subjects eASSESMENTOFRISKSANDBENEFINTSThe principle of beneficence in the Belmont Report refers to the need for research to maximize benefits and minimize any possible harmful effects of the participation In decisions about ethics we must conduct a riskbenefit analysis to calculate potential risks and benefits that are likely to result Ethical principles require asking questions whether the research procedures have minimized risk to participants Potential risks to the participants include psychological and physical harm and loss of confidentiality The cost of not conducting the study if in fact the proposed procedure is the only way to collect valuable data can be considered Benefits include direct benefits to the participants including educational benefits acquisition of a new skill treatment of a psychological or medical problem etc There can also be material benefits such as monetary payment some sort of git or the possibility of winning a prize in a raffle Intrinsic benefits include the satisfaction gained through being part of a scientific investigation and the potential beneficial applications of the research findings Current regulations concerning the conduct of research with human participants require a riskbenefit analysis before research can be approved RisksinPsychologicalResearchPhysical Harm procedures that cause some physical harm to participants are rare but nevertheless possibleThere would need to be clear benefits of the research that would outweigh the potential risks
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