Textbook Notes (367,832)
Canada (161,442)
Psychology (9,689)
PSYC12H3 (298)
Chapter

C12: chp 10

6 Pages
90 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 10: Trends and Unanswered Questions in Prejudice Research: Prejudice Against Other Groups: • Why has discussion often been limited to just racie, gender and age o These are the three main ways we cateogirze another person upon first perceiving them o These groups are almost an automatic part of our perception o More rsearch abut these group Atitudes towards overweight ppl: • A century ago it was desirable to be overweight • Being overweight was a status symbol • American seem to have a particulary strong aversion to person who are overweigth o More likely to openly display their prejudice toward overweigth ppl than toward other groups • Someonw who is overweight – violates the American ideal of self denial and self restraint • Overweight college students – particularly females – have more difficulty paying fo college because they are less likely to get financial help for college from their parents o In effect parents are discriminating against their own children o Believe that their daughter weight is the result of poor self control o Poltically conservative parents indulge in this more • Intense anti fat – attitudes were correlated with authrotariansims • Research indicates that most of this prejudice results from the attributions ppl mae about the reasons for beign overweight o Contralability o Outward indicator of defienciy o Feel prejudice • Seeing example of overweight ppl who have recently lost a lot of weight has the effect of further reinforcing the idea o Seeing examples of overweight ppl doing things to scuessfully lose weight is threating to their steoryepes of laziness o The threat itself translates to further entrench the stereotype o Subcateogrization of the weight loser as an outlier • Study: o Paul – how do you think person x looks o Person x is sitting next to fat person  Bad o Person X siting next to a normal person  Good o This relationship held true – regardless of the level of the perceived relationship btw the seated individuals – strangers or lover • Landlords – less likely to rent to obese ppl • Study: o John is fat b/c of genetics  Implict bias does not decrease but just stays the same o John is fat because he eats too much  Implicit bias increases • Read stories that were designed to produce empathy for fat ppl o Antifat attitudes did not diminish Attitutdes towards Lesbians and Gays: • I got your back paul • Hetrosexism – a stigmatizing of any sexual orientation other than heterosexual • Workplace hetrosexism and a lack of supportive interactions with others about the environment – led to a greater incidences of depresseion and distress o The impact of this treatment depdends on the number of supportive relationships they have but also of the non supportive interactions they have • Even comments from ppl who believe they are being supportive can be interpreted by the homo’s as unsupportive • Attitude of hetro’s towards fags depdends on o Gender o Target o Findings  HM (hetromen) and HW – indicate different attitudes toward gay and lesbians  Both have negative attitudes toward homo’s  HM – more negatives to gays than lesbians  HW – more prejudicial towards Lesbos • Efeminate gays – are regarded with hostilitily and contempt from more masculine men o Social identity theory – predicit such hostility toward a stereotype confirming individual in ones group • More Contact = less prejudiced • Education seems to only have an impact on reducing the prejudice of HW • Origin o ½ of Americans believing homo is a lifestyle and a choice o authoritarian personality associated with the person of prejudice o ppl see it is a violations of conventiaol social order and traditional values • degree of contact with homo – most significant preicotr of homophobia Attitudes toward the physically challendged: • studied the least • ableism or handicapism – derision, fear, disgust, prejudice, tereptypes and discrimination • study o 216 journalism programs o found that little if any training is devpted to the reporting of ablism o • learned in eearly childhood • black and white children – asked to rank order pictures – showing black or wite ppl who did or did not have a physical disability o children showed a strong pref for the pic depcicting the physically able o white kids ranked the handicapps even below the blacks • 1990 – Americans with disability act o hiring discrimation o ppl consider diability in terms of job sutibility o physically handicap considered better than metal handicap understanding the dynamic nature of intergroup interactions: Control Theory or Feedback Theory: • humans are continually seeking to match our behavioir to internal standards for that behavior • motivated to reduce discrepencies btw our standards and our behaviors • this complicates things – it makes it more difficult to attribute cause and effect • no longer were ppl subject to the influence of a clear identifiable causal variable – they were affected by and affecting their environment • mainstream psychologist – not a big fan of this theory o methodological problems were huge o how do you measure causation in a model of continuious feedback o this theory was put on the shelf – to wait for theory and rsearch to become sophisticated enough to begin to address the complex task of modeling the feedback loops of behaviors • a particular behavior can at the same time o an effect of the preceding moments cause o a causal agent in the following moment • 1996 devine chapter on prejudice – unsual o called for examining how prej emerges as a result of the interactions btw the majority and minority group o unless we begin to examine how each individual is affected by and affects the other individual in an interaction we will have an incomplete , simplistic understanding of intergroup behavior o the thesis of the chapter is that  stereotypes, anxiety and prejudice toward ougroups tend to promote misunderstanding and negative expectations about
More Less

Related notes for PSYC12H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit