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Chapter 7

Chapter 7. Appraisal, Knowledge, and Experience

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Gerald Cupchik

Chapter 7. Appraisal, Knowledge, and Experience Sunday, April 10, 2011 7:34 PM Split brain: condition in which the corpus callosum (large bundle of nerve fibers that connects left and right cerebral hemispheres) has been severed in a surgical procedure to alleviate epilepsy { The two hemispheres do not communicate, and each remains ignorant of what the other has seen. { The right hemisphere responds more readily to the emotional content of stimuli, whereas the left is more ready to interpret experience in terms of language. Stress has many different types, and each different kind promotes a particular kind of emotion, by means of a specific appraisal process. Lazaruss appraisal approach to emotion contains two basic themes: { First, emotion is a response to evaluative judgments or meaning. { Second, these judgments are about ongoing relationships with the environment and whether the environment is one of harm or benefit. Stein, Trabasso, and Liwags emotion-related appraisal has three aspects: { An event, usually unexpected, is perceived that changes the status of a valued goal. { Beliefs are often challenged; this can cause bodily changes and expressions to occur. { Plans are formed about what to do about the event to reinstate or modify the goal, and the likely results of the plans are considered. Zajonc proposed that we process stimuli through several different appraisal systems. { One system provides an immediate, unconscious evaluation of whether the stimulus is good or bad. Gives rise to primary appraisals, which motivate rapid approach or avoidance responses, correspond to what is called first movements of emotions. { Other systems - secondary, or second movements - provide more deliberate, conscious, complex assessments in terms of such matters as what caused the event and what to do about it. When we are consciously aware of emotionally charged stimuli, they are less likely to sway our judgments of other stimuli. { If people are presented with subliminal happy or angry faces, they are more likely to be swayed in their judgments. Negative evaluations are more potent then positive evaluations. { Negative emotions might seem more intense, or more readily elicited, and harder to regulate. Discrete approaches: particular emotions s
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