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Canada (161,878)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYC37H3 (159)
Bouffard (28)
Chapter 8

PSYC37: Chapter 8

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Chapter 8 Interviewing TechniquesPersonnel Officer Clinical Psychologists Highly structured printed questions Unstructured unstandardized Standardized interviewDidnt have any specific questions or Narrow and restrictedSequence of questions followedFocused two specific areas education and statements experiencesBroad and unrestrictedDirective officer guided directed andNondirectivePsychologist rarely asked questions but controlled the coursecommented and reflected of previousEmployment interviewdesigned to elicit statement information pertaining to qualificationsDiagnostic interviewcentered on and capabilities for dutiesemotional functioning and how it would impede or facilitate competenceInterview resembles test gathering information describe individual make future predictionsInterview have psychometric propertiesreliability and validityAll tests interview has defined purposeInterviewer must take responsibility for conduct of interviewInterview remains one of most prevalent selection devices for employmentEssential testing tool in subspecialtiesclinical industrial counseling school and correctional psychology All interviews involve mutual interactionparticipants are interdependent influence each otherAkehurst and Vrij 1999 if one of ps interview increased their activity level then activity of other ps also increasedResearchers conclude that ps in interview profoundly affect each otherSecond expt found that increased activity on part of suspect related to increased suspiciousness on part of interrogatorHighly active interrogators increased activity in suspectsin turn increased interrogators suspiciousnessInterview ps affect each others moodSocial facilitation tend to act like models around usPs interview influence each othergood interviewer knows to provide relaxed and safe atmosphere remains in controlNo set rules apply to all interviewing situationsProper attitudeo Good interviewing more of an attitude than skill o Interpersonal influence degree to which people can influence anothero Interpersonal attraction degree to which people share feeling of understanding mutual respect similarity and the like o Attitudes warmth genuineness acceptance understanding openness honesty and fairness o In studyrate quality of interview and indicate topics concerns problems and feelings of patient found most important factor was perception of interviewers feelingsResponses to avoid o stress interview deliberately induce discomfort or anxiety in interview
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